Improving heterogeneous wireless networking with cross-layer information services: Dissertation

Esa Piri

Research output: ThesisDissertationCollection of Articles


Substantially growing data traffic over wireless networks poses increased challenges for mobile network operators in deploying sufficient network resources and managing user mobility. This dissertation considers these challenges to providing satisfactory Quality of Service (QoS) for endusers and studies solutions for better utilization of the heterogeneous network environment. First, the dissertation examines what solutions mobile devices and network management entities can use to dynamically collect valid cross-layer information from different network entities. Cross-layer information allows monitoring of the condition of the network in multiple layers on a user and application basis. The second research topic considers the techniques the network management entities can use to improve resource usage in wireless networks based on the collected cross-layer information. The IEEE 802.21 standard, specified to facilitate handovers between heterogeneous networks, is used as the basis for cross-layer information delivery. This dissertation also focuses on utilization of the standard beyond the inter-access technology handovers. In order to improve resource usage in wireless networks dynamically, event delivery enhancements are proposed for the standard so that it better applies to the requirements of different techniques. Such techniques are traffic priority adjustment, traffic adaptation, packet aggregation, and network protocol header compression. The results show that when a handover is not feasible, these techniques effectively allow sharing of the limited radio resources for the user data according to applications' importance and type. Mobility management is studied in terms of network information service, one of the main services of IEEE 802.21. The thesis proposes enhancing the information service with a base station cell coverage area database. The database provides significant improvements for the selection of a handover target in a dense base station environment. With all the results taken together, the dissertation provides mobile network operators various means to improve the usage of wireless networks on the basis of applications' varying QoS requirements.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor Degree
Awarding Institution
  • University of Oulu
  • Ylianttila, Mika, Supervisor, External person
  • Gurtov, Andrei, Supervisor, External person
Place of PublicationOulu
Print ISBNs978-952-62-0820-6
Electronic ISBNs978-952-62-0821-3
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeG5 Doctoral dissertation (article)


  • cross-layer information
  • header compression
  • heterogeneous networks
  • information service
  • mobility management
  • packet aggregation
  • traffic adaptation


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