Improving Propeller Efficiency Through Tip Loading

M. Brown, A. Sánchez-Caja, J. Adalid, S. Black, M. Pérez-Sobrino, P. Duerr, S. Schroeder, I. Saisto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Abstract

This paper examines the potential performance gains of tip loaded propellers (TLP) in general and presents specific findings for a sample case. Potential flow simulations, Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) viscous flow simulations and experimental methods were used to assess tip loaded propellers designed by the authors from the Naval Surface Warfare Center, Carderock Division (NSWCCD) and the Sistemar company, for the same performance requirements using different design approaches. A reference design of a conventional open propeller was also developed and assessed using potential flow and viscous RANS methods. The differences in performance between model and full scale were studied using a viscous flow RANS solver. The sources of the scaling effects are identified and differences between the scaling of conventional and TLPs are examined. Both TLPs designed by NSWCCD and Sistemar are predicted by the RANS flow solver to be more efficient than the conventional propeller at full scale. Relative to the conventional propeller, the NSWCCD-designed TLP is predicted to have higher efficiency at the design point as well as increased cavitation inception speed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings
Subtitle of host publication30th Symposium on Naval Hydrodynamics
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
Event30th Symposium on Naval Hydrodynamics Hobart - Tasmania, Australia
Duration: 2 Nov 20147 Nov 2014

Conference

Conference30th Symposium on Naval Hydrodynamics Hobart
CountryAustralia
CityTasmania
Period2/11/147/11/14

Fingerprint

Propellers
Military operations
Potential flow
Flow simulation
Viscous flow
Cavitation
Industry

Cite this

Brown, M., Sánchez-Caja, A., Adalid, J., Black, S., Pérez-Sobrino, M., Duerr, P., ... Saisto, I. (2014). Improving Propeller Efficiency Through Tip Loading. In Proceedings: 30th Symposium on Naval Hydrodynamics
Brown, M. ; Sánchez-Caja, A. ; Adalid, J. ; Black, S. ; Pérez-Sobrino, M. ; Duerr, P. ; Schroeder, S. ; Saisto, I. / Improving Propeller Efficiency Through Tip Loading. Proceedings: 30th Symposium on Naval Hydrodynamics. 2014.
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Brown, M, Sánchez-Caja, A, Adalid, J, Black, S, Pérez-Sobrino, M, Duerr, P, Schroeder, S & Saisto, I 2014, Improving Propeller Efficiency Through Tip Loading. in Proceedings: 30th Symposium on Naval Hydrodynamics. 30th Symposium on Naval Hydrodynamics Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, 2/11/14.

Improving Propeller Efficiency Through Tip Loading. / Brown, M.; Sánchez-Caja, A.; Adalid, J.; Black, S.; Pérez-Sobrino, M.; Duerr, P.; Schroeder, S.; Saisto, I.

Proceedings: 30th Symposium on Naval Hydrodynamics. 2014.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

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T1 - Improving Propeller Efficiency Through Tip Loading

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AU - Sánchez-Caja, A.

AU - Adalid, J.

AU - Black, S.

AU - Pérez-Sobrino, M.

AU - Duerr, P.

AU - Schroeder, S.

AU - Saisto, I.

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N2 - This paper examines the potential performance gains of tip loaded propellers (TLP) in general and presents specific findings for a sample case. Potential flow simulations, Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) viscous flow simulations and experimental methods were used to assess tip loaded propellers designed by the authors from the Naval Surface Warfare Center, Carderock Division (NSWCCD) and the Sistemar company, for the same performance requirements using different design approaches. A reference design of a conventional open propeller was also developed and assessed using potential flow and viscous RANS methods. The differences in performance between model and full scale were studied using a viscous flow RANS solver. The sources of the scaling effects are identified and differences between the scaling of conventional and TLPs are examined. Both TLPs designed by NSWCCD and Sistemar are predicted by the RANS flow solver to be more efficient than the conventional propeller at full scale. Relative to the conventional propeller, the NSWCCD-designed TLP is predicted to have higher efficiency at the design point as well as increased cavitation inception speed.

AB - This paper examines the potential performance gains of tip loaded propellers (TLP) in general and presents specific findings for a sample case. Potential flow simulations, Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) viscous flow simulations and experimental methods were used to assess tip loaded propellers designed by the authors from the Naval Surface Warfare Center, Carderock Division (NSWCCD) and the Sistemar company, for the same performance requirements using different design approaches. A reference design of a conventional open propeller was also developed and assessed using potential flow and viscous RANS methods. The differences in performance between model and full scale were studied using a viscous flow RANS solver. The sources of the scaling effects are identified and differences between the scaling of conventional and TLPs are examined. Both TLPs designed by NSWCCD and Sistemar are predicted by the RANS flow solver to be more efficient than the conventional propeller at full scale. Relative to the conventional propeller, the NSWCCD-designed TLP is predicted to have higher efficiency at the design point as well as increased cavitation inception speed.

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

BT - Proceedings

ER -

Brown M, Sánchez-Caja A, Adalid J, Black S, Pérez-Sobrino M, Duerr P et al. Improving Propeller Efficiency Through Tip Loading. In Proceedings: 30th Symposium on Naval Hydrodynamics. 2014