During the last years, major steps have been made to increase road safety and the number of fatalities in the EU has decreased overall. The use of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) has facilitated this decrease. However, Vulnerable Road Users (VRUs), such as pedestrians, cyclists, motorcyclists, moped riders, have not enjoyed the same decrease in fatalities experienced by other traffic participants . Together, they account for 68% of the fatalities in urban areas . Whilst the total number of road fatalities in the last decade has decreased in EU-14, this has coincided with a corresponding increase in fatalities for PTW riders which is much higher than their contribution to traffic. The accident risk for PTW riders is much greater than for car drivers - depending on the countries, it is between about 5 and 25 times greater .
|Title of host publication||Research highlights in safety and security|
|Place of Publication||Espoo|
|Publisher||VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|
|MoE publication type||Not Eligible|
|Series||VTT Research Highlights|
Scholliers, J., Penttinen, M., & Leden, L. (2013). Improving the safety of vulnerable road users through Intelligent Transport Systems. In Research highlights in safety and security (pp. 106-107). VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Research Highlights, No. 10 http://www.vtt.fi/inf/pdf/researchhighlights/2013/R10.pdf