In-Car Noise Computation for a High-Rise Lift

Gabriela Roivainen, Jaakko Kalliomäki, Antti Lehtinen, Jukka Tanttari

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    The authors have developed an acoustic model of a lift, using a multi-disciplinary approach. The model enables a full understanding of how the lift design is affected by noise requirements inside the car, and in buildings that are still in planning or construction phase. The approach is based on a hybrid model combining structural finite element (FEM); computational fluid dynamics (CFD); boundary element method (BEM) and statistical energy analysis (SEA); to cover both low and relatively high frequency acoustical domains in a sufficiently detailed model with a reasonable computational time. Special attention has been paid to modelling of the noise sources. Structure-borne sources (point forces) due to roller guide shoes and ropes were applied on the system. Forces were determined on grounds of FEM-computed point mobilities and measured vibration velocity responses at the same excitation points. Airborne sources due to flow-induced noise were computed using an incompressible transient CFD analysis. The resulting time variable air surface pressure was then applied on the car walls. The surface pressure spectra were used both directly (the convective source) and as a source for the acoustic propagation (giving the acoustic source). The reverberant sound field in the hoistway, generated by the flow sources, is a significant contributor. This part was modelled using BEM. The time variable pressure field on the car surface was used as a source distribution for BEM. The end result of the computation was applied as a diffuse acoustic field on the car surfaces. All the sources: structure-borne and airborne, were applied as forces and pressures. They were internally converted to power inputs for solving the SEA model. All transfer paths in the sling, car, doors, fairings and hoistway, including relevant leaks were simulated. After validation, the hybrid model now allows the users to quantify and rank noise contribution of each source and make predictions based on changes in the lift structure, hoistway design and car running parameters.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 7th Symposium on Lift & Escalator Technologies
    Number of pages10
    Publication statusPublished - 2017
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    Event7th Symposium on Lift and Escalator Technologies - Northampton, United Kingdom
    Duration: 20 Sep 201721 Sep 2017

    Conference

    Conference7th Symposium on Lift and Escalator Technologies
    CountryUnited Kingdom
    CityNorthampton
    Period20/09/1721/09/17

    Fingerprint

    boundary element method
    computational fluid dynamics
    acoustics
    fairings
    shoes
    acoustic propagation
    rollers
    sound fields
    pressure distribution
    point sources
    planning
    vibration
    requirements
    energy
    air
    predictions
    excitation

    Keywords

    • aero-vibro-acoustics
    • lifts
    • high speed
    • high rise
    • FEM
    • BEM
    • CFD
    • SEA

    Cite this

    Roivainen, G., Kalliomäki, J., Lehtinen, A., & Tanttari, J. (2017). In-Car Noise Computation for a High-Rise Lift. In Proceedings of the 7th Symposium on Lift & Escalator Technologies [21]
    Roivainen, Gabriela ; Kalliomäki, Jaakko ; Lehtinen, Antti ; Tanttari, Jukka. / In-Car Noise Computation for a High-Rise Lift. Proceedings of the 7th Symposium on Lift & Escalator Technologies. 2017.
    @inproceedings{d1412937ef424d9283a5e8d479dd601c,
    title = "In-Car Noise Computation for a High-Rise Lift",
    abstract = "The authors have developed an acoustic model of a lift, using a multi-disciplinary approach. The model enables a full understanding of how the lift design is affected by noise requirements inside the car, and in buildings that are still in planning or construction phase. The approach is based on a hybrid model combining structural finite element (FEM); computational fluid dynamics (CFD); boundary element method (BEM) and statistical energy analysis (SEA); to cover both low and relatively high frequency acoustical domains in a sufficiently detailed model with a reasonable computational time. Special attention has been paid to modelling of the noise sources. Structure-borne sources (point forces) due to roller guide shoes and ropes were applied on the system. Forces were determined on grounds of FEM-computed point mobilities and measured vibration velocity responses at the same excitation points. Airborne sources due to flow-induced noise were computed using an incompressible transient CFD analysis. The resulting time variable air surface pressure was then applied on the car walls. The surface pressure spectra were used both directly (the convective source) and as a source for the acoustic propagation (giving the acoustic source). The reverberant sound field in the hoistway, generated by the flow sources, is a significant contributor. This part was modelled using BEM. The time variable pressure field on the car surface was used as a source distribution for BEM. The end result of the computation was applied as a diffuse acoustic field on the car surfaces. All the sources: structure-borne and airborne, were applied as forces and pressures. They were internally converted to power inputs for solving the SEA model. All transfer paths in the sling, car, doors, fairings and hoistway, including relevant leaks were simulated. After validation, the hybrid model now allows the users to quantify and rank noise contribution of each source and make predictions based on changes in the lift structure, hoistway design and car running parameters.",
    keywords = "aero-vibro-acoustics, lifts, high speed, high rise, FEM, BEM, CFD, SEA",
    author = "Gabriela Roivainen and Jaakko Kalliom{\"a}ki and Antti Lehtinen and Jukka Tanttari",
    note = "Project code: 108187",
    year = "2017",
    language = "English",
    booktitle = "Proceedings of the 7th Symposium on Lift & Escalator Technologies",

    }

    Roivainen, G, Kalliomäki, J, Lehtinen, A & Tanttari, J 2017, In-Car Noise Computation for a High-Rise Lift. in Proceedings of the 7th Symposium on Lift & Escalator Technologies., 21, 7th Symposium on Lift and Escalator Technologies, Northampton, United Kingdom, 20/09/17.

    In-Car Noise Computation for a High-Rise Lift. / Roivainen, Gabriela; Kalliomäki, Jaakko; Lehtinen, Antti; Tanttari, Jukka.

    Proceedings of the 7th Symposium on Lift & Escalator Technologies. 2017. 21.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    TY - GEN

    T1 - In-Car Noise Computation for a High-Rise Lift

    AU - Roivainen, Gabriela

    AU - Kalliomäki, Jaakko

    AU - Lehtinen, Antti

    AU - Tanttari, Jukka

    N1 - Project code: 108187

    PY - 2017

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    N2 - The authors have developed an acoustic model of a lift, using a multi-disciplinary approach. The model enables a full understanding of how the lift design is affected by noise requirements inside the car, and in buildings that are still in planning or construction phase. The approach is based on a hybrid model combining structural finite element (FEM); computational fluid dynamics (CFD); boundary element method (BEM) and statistical energy analysis (SEA); to cover both low and relatively high frequency acoustical domains in a sufficiently detailed model with a reasonable computational time. Special attention has been paid to modelling of the noise sources. Structure-borne sources (point forces) due to roller guide shoes and ropes were applied on the system. Forces were determined on grounds of FEM-computed point mobilities and measured vibration velocity responses at the same excitation points. Airborne sources due to flow-induced noise were computed using an incompressible transient CFD analysis. The resulting time variable air surface pressure was then applied on the car walls. The surface pressure spectra were used both directly (the convective source) and as a source for the acoustic propagation (giving the acoustic source). The reverberant sound field in the hoistway, generated by the flow sources, is a significant contributor. This part was modelled using BEM. The time variable pressure field on the car surface was used as a source distribution for BEM. The end result of the computation was applied as a diffuse acoustic field on the car surfaces. All the sources: structure-borne and airborne, were applied as forces and pressures. They were internally converted to power inputs for solving the SEA model. All transfer paths in the sling, car, doors, fairings and hoistway, including relevant leaks were simulated. After validation, the hybrid model now allows the users to quantify and rank noise contribution of each source and make predictions based on changes in the lift structure, hoistway design and car running parameters.

    AB - The authors have developed an acoustic model of a lift, using a multi-disciplinary approach. The model enables a full understanding of how the lift design is affected by noise requirements inside the car, and in buildings that are still in planning or construction phase. The approach is based on a hybrid model combining structural finite element (FEM); computational fluid dynamics (CFD); boundary element method (BEM) and statistical energy analysis (SEA); to cover both low and relatively high frequency acoustical domains in a sufficiently detailed model with a reasonable computational time. Special attention has been paid to modelling of the noise sources. Structure-borne sources (point forces) due to roller guide shoes and ropes were applied on the system. Forces were determined on grounds of FEM-computed point mobilities and measured vibration velocity responses at the same excitation points. Airborne sources due to flow-induced noise were computed using an incompressible transient CFD analysis. The resulting time variable air surface pressure was then applied on the car walls. The surface pressure spectra were used both directly (the convective source) and as a source for the acoustic propagation (giving the acoustic source). The reverberant sound field in the hoistway, generated by the flow sources, is a significant contributor. This part was modelled using BEM. The time variable pressure field on the car surface was used as a source distribution for BEM. The end result of the computation was applied as a diffuse acoustic field on the car surfaces. All the sources: structure-borne and airborne, were applied as forces and pressures. They were internally converted to power inputs for solving the SEA model. All transfer paths in the sling, car, doors, fairings and hoistway, including relevant leaks were simulated. After validation, the hybrid model now allows the users to quantify and rank noise contribution of each source and make predictions based on changes in the lift structure, hoistway design and car running parameters.

    KW - aero-vibro-acoustics

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    KW - high speed

    KW - high rise

    KW - FEM

    KW - BEM

    KW - CFD

    KW - SEA

    M3 - Conference article in proceedings

    BT - Proceedings of the 7th Symposium on Lift & Escalator Technologies

    ER -

    Roivainen G, Kalliomäki J, Lehtinen A, Tanttari J. In-Car Noise Computation for a High-Rise Lift. In Proceedings of the 7th Symposium on Lift & Escalator Technologies. 2017. 21