In-furnace measurement of sulfur and nitrogen species in a recovery boiler

E. Vainio, A. Brink, N. DeMartini, M. Hupa, Hannu Vesala, Kauko Tormonen, Tuula Kajolinna

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    There is a lack of experimental data on the gas composition in recovery boiler furnaces, particularly in the lower furnace and at the black liquor spraying level. Experimental determination of the gas composition in full-scale furnaces is important for the understanding of the kinetics of the gas phase reactions and the formation of different intermediates in the combustion process. The gas composition was measured in the furnace of a large recovery boiler, using a new gas sampling probe concept. The measurements were carried out from the primary air level to the upper tertiary air level. The measurements were a part of an extensive campaign planned and carried out to support validation of models based on Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). This paper will focus on the sulfur and nitrogen species measured in the furnace and on the developed gas sampling probe. A number of reactive sulfur and nitrogen intermediates were identified and quantified in the measurements. Especially high concentrations of different intermediates could be measured at the black liquor spraying level. Measured nitrogen and sulfur species include: nitrogen monoxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ammonia (NH3), hydrogen cyanide (HCN), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), sulfur dioxide (SO2), methyl mercaptan (CH3SH), ethyl mercaptan (C2H5SH), dimethyl sulfide, (CH3)2S dimethyl disulfide (CH3)2S2, carbonyl sulfide (COS) and carbon disulfide (CS2). Some of these have not been reported before in full scale measurements.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication2010 International Chemical Recovery Conference
    Subtitle of host publicationMarch 29 - April 1, 2010, Williamsburg, VA, USA
    Pages106-118
    Volume1
    Publication statusPublished - 2010
    MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings

    Fingerprint

    sulfur
    nitrogen
    gas
    probe
    sulfide
    gas phase reaction
    sampling
    air
    nitrogen dioxide
    cyanide
    hydrogen sulfide
    computational fluid dynamics
    sulfur dioxide
    ammonia
    combustion
    furnace
    boiler
    hydrogen
    kinetics
    carbon

    Cite this

    Vainio, E., Brink, A., DeMartini, N., Hupa, M., Vesala, H., Tormonen, K., & Kajolinna, T. (2010). In-furnace measurement of sulfur and nitrogen species in a recovery boiler. In 2010 International Chemical Recovery Conference: March 29 - April 1, 2010, Williamsburg, VA, USA (Vol. 1, pp. 106-118)
    Vainio, E. ; Brink, A. ; DeMartini, N. ; Hupa, M. ; Vesala, Hannu ; Tormonen, Kauko ; Kajolinna, Tuula. / In-furnace measurement of sulfur and nitrogen species in a recovery boiler. 2010 International Chemical Recovery Conference: March 29 - April 1, 2010, Williamsburg, VA, USA. Vol. 1 2010. pp. 106-118
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    abstract = "There is a lack of experimental data on the gas composition in recovery boiler furnaces, particularly in the lower furnace and at the black liquor spraying level. Experimental determination of the gas composition in full-scale furnaces is important for the understanding of the kinetics of the gas phase reactions and the formation of different intermediates in the combustion process. The gas composition was measured in the furnace of a large recovery boiler, using a new gas sampling probe concept. The measurements were carried out from the primary air level to the upper tertiary air level. The measurements were a part of an extensive campaign planned and carried out to support validation of models based on Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). This paper will focus on the sulfur and nitrogen species measured in the furnace and on the developed gas sampling probe. A number of reactive sulfur and nitrogen intermediates were identified and quantified in the measurements. Especially high concentrations of different intermediates could be measured at the black liquor spraying level. Measured nitrogen and sulfur species include: nitrogen monoxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ammonia (NH3), hydrogen cyanide (HCN), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), sulfur dioxide (SO2), methyl mercaptan (CH3SH), ethyl mercaptan (C2H5SH), dimethyl sulfide, (CH3)2S dimethyl disulfide (CH3)2S2, carbonyl sulfide (COS) and carbon disulfide (CS2). Some of these have not been reported before in full scale measurements.",
    author = "E. Vainio and A. Brink and N. DeMartini and M. Hupa and Hannu Vesala and Kauko Tormonen and Tuula Kajolinna",
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    Vainio, E, Brink, A, DeMartini, N, Hupa, M, Vesala, H, Tormonen, K & Kajolinna, T 2010, In-furnace measurement of sulfur and nitrogen species in a recovery boiler. in 2010 International Chemical Recovery Conference: March 29 - April 1, 2010, Williamsburg, VA, USA. vol. 1, pp. 106-118.

    In-furnace measurement of sulfur and nitrogen species in a recovery boiler. / Vainio, E.; Brink, A.; DeMartini, N.; Hupa, M.; Vesala, Hannu; Tormonen, Kauko; Kajolinna, Tuula.

    2010 International Chemical Recovery Conference: March 29 - April 1, 2010, Williamsburg, VA, USA. Vol. 1 2010. p. 106-118.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

    TY - GEN

    T1 - In-furnace measurement of sulfur and nitrogen species in a recovery boiler

    AU - Vainio, E.

    AU - Brink, A.

    AU - DeMartini, N.

    AU - Hupa, M.

    AU - Vesala, Hannu

    AU - Tormonen, Kauko

    AU - Kajolinna, Tuula

    N1 - Löytyy juren raportit/ICRC-2009

    PY - 2010

    Y1 - 2010

    N2 - There is a lack of experimental data on the gas composition in recovery boiler furnaces, particularly in the lower furnace and at the black liquor spraying level. Experimental determination of the gas composition in full-scale furnaces is important for the understanding of the kinetics of the gas phase reactions and the formation of different intermediates in the combustion process. The gas composition was measured in the furnace of a large recovery boiler, using a new gas sampling probe concept. The measurements were carried out from the primary air level to the upper tertiary air level. The measurements were a part of an extensive campaign planned and carried out to support validation of models based on Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). This paper will focus on the sulfur and nitrogen species measured in the furnace and on the developed gas sampling probe. A number of reactive sulfur and nitrogen intermediates were identified and quantified in the measurements. Especially high concentrations of different intermediates could be measured at the black liquor spraying level. Measured nitrogen and sulfur species include: nitrogen monoxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ammonia (NH3), hydrogen cyanide (HCN), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), sulfur dioxide (SO2), methyl mercaptan (CH3SH), ethyl mercaptan (C2H5SH), dimethyl sulfide, (CH3)2S dimethyl disulfide (CH3)2S2, carbonyl sulfide (COS) and carbon disulfide (CS2). Some of these have not been reported before in full scale measurements.

    AB - There is a lack of experimental data on the gas composition in recovery boiler furnaces, particularly in the lower furnace and at the black liquor spraying level. Experimental determination of the gas composition in full-scale furnaces is important for the understanding of the kinetics of the gas phase reactions and the formation of different intermediates in the combustion process. The gas composition was measured in the furnace of a large recovery boiler, using a new gas sampling probe concept. The measurements were carried out from the primary air level to the upper tertiary air level. The measurements were a part of an extensive campaign planned and carried out to support validation of models based on Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). This paper will focus on the sulfur and nitrogen species measured in the furnace and on the developed gas sampling probe. A number of reactive sulfur and nitrogen intermediates were identified and quantified in the measurements. Especially high concentrations of different intermediates could be measured at the black liquor spraying level. Measured nitrogen and sulfur species include: nitrogen monoxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ammonia (NH3), hydrogen cyanide (HCN), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), sulfur dioxide (SO2), methyl mercaptan (CH3SH), ethyl mercaptan (C2H5SH), dimethyl sulfide, (CH3)2S dimethyl disulfide (CH3)2S2, carbonyl sulfide (COS) and carbon disulfide (CS2). Some of these have not been reported before in full scale measurements.

    UR - https://imisrise.tappi.org/TAPPI/Products/10/ICR/10ICRC10.aspx

    M3 - Conference article in proceedings

    SN - 978-1-59510-198-3

    VL - 1

    SP - 106

    EP - 118

    BT - 2010 International Chemical Recovery Conference

    ER -

    Vainio E, Brink A, DeMartini N, Hupa M, Vesala H, Tormonen K et al. In-furnace measurement of sulfur and nitrogen species in a recovery boiler. In 2010 International Chemical Recovery Conference: March 29 - April 1, 2010, Williamsburg, VA, USA. Vol. 1. 2010. p. 106-118