Inclusion of the Donnan effect in Gibbs energy minimization

Risto Pajarre (Corresponding Author), Pertti Koukkari, Erkki Räsänen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Donnan equilibrium based models can be used to predict ion-exchange related phenomena within many application fields. In this paper, a method for doing Donnan equilibrium calculations using Gibbs energy minimization is presented. With this approach, it is possible to solve Donnan equilibrium systems with complex solution or multiphase chemistry using Gibbs energy minimizing programs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-61
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Molecular Liquids
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2006
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Donnan equilibrium
  • Ion-exchange
  • Gibbs energy minimization

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