Increasing the drying efficiency of cylinder drying

Dissertation

Janne Keränen

Research output: ThesisDissertationCollection of Articles

Abstract

This PhD Thesis concentrates on paper drying: first on the drying rate in a
cylinder covered with fabric, enhanced using hot air impingement through the
fabric, and its potential effects on paper quality, and second, on the heat
transfer rate from hot steam to paper through the cylinder shell.
Cylinder drying is a drying method where a heated surface in contact with
paper causes water removal from the latter by evaporation. Impingement
through the fabric of hot air has been suggested to cause increase in the water
removal and drying of paper. Increase in the drying rate by impingement of hot air was confirmed by laboratory tests and by simulations. In laboratory tests the increase in the drying rate was found to be accompanied by improvements in paper quality. The reason for the unexpectedly high increase in the case of combined cylinderimpingement drying of the drying rate was traced down to decrease in the temperature of paper. The thereby increased temperature gradient between paper and cylinder surface caused an increase in the heat flux from the cylinder. A simulation model for the system showed similar increase in the drying rate of paper. Simulations could also be extended to a paper machine scale. Use of the simulation model required further work on the experimental transport of moisture in the thickness direction of paper, with successful results. The potential of impingement drying for improving paper quality was
demonstrated, especially for prevention of shrinkage of paper during drying.
Shrinkage prevention has a positive influence on the tensile properties of paper.
Shrinkage prevention still needs verification in a larger scale, however.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor Degree
Awarding Institution
  • University of Jyväskylä
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Timonen, Jussi, Supervisor, External person
  • Timofeev, Oleg, Supervisor
  • Ketoja, Jukka, Supervisor
  • Maunuksela, Jussi, Supervisor, External person
Award date19 Dec 2011
Place of PublicationJyväskylä
Publisher
Print ISBNs978-951-39-4589-3
Electronic ISBNs978-951-39-4590-9
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeG5 Doctoral dissertation (article)

Fingerprint

Drying
Engine cylinders
Air
Tensile properties
Thermal gradients
Heat flux
Water
Evaporation
Steam
Moisture
Heat transfer

Cite this

Keränen, J. (2011). Increasing the drying efficiency of cylinder drying: Dissertation. Jyväskylä: University of Jyväskylä.
Keränen, Janne. / Increasing the drying efficiency of cylinder drying : Dissertation. Jyväskylä : University of Jyväskylä, 2011. 91 p.
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abstract = "This PhD Thesis concentrates on paper drying: first on the drying rate in a cylinder covered with fabric, enhanced using hot air impingement through the fabric, and its potential effects on paper quality, and second, on the heat transfer rate from hot steam to paper through the cylinder shell. Cylinder drying is a drying method where a heated surface in contact with paper causes water removal from the latter by evaporation. Impingement through the fabric of hot air has been suggested to cause increase in the water removal and drying of paper. Increase in the drying rate by impingement of hot air was confirmed by laboratory tests and by simulations. In laboratory tests the increase in the drying rate was found to be accompanied by improvements in paper quality. The reason for the unexpectedly high increase in the case of combined cylinderimpingement drying of the drying rate was traced down to decrease in the temperature of paper. The thereby increased temperature gradient between paper and cylinder surface caused an increase in the heat flux from the cylinder. A simulation model for the system showed similar increase in the drying rate of paper. Simulations could also be extended to a paper machine scale. Use of the simulation model required further work on the experimental transport of moisture in the thickness direction of paper, with successful results. The potential of impingement drying for improving paper quality was demonstrated, especially for prevention of shrinkage of paper during drying. Shrinkage prevention has a positive influence on the tensile properties of paper. Shrinkage prevention still needs verification in a larger scale, however.",
author = "Janne Ker{\"a}nen",
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Keränen, J 2011, 'Increasing the drying efficiency of cylinder drying: Dissertation', Doctor Degree, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä.

Increasing the drying efficiency of cylinder drying : Dissertation. / Keränen, Janne.

Jyväskylä : University of Jyväskylä, 2011. 91 p.

Research output: ThesisDissertationCollection of Articles

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Keränen J. Increasing the drying efficiency of cylinder drying: Dissertation. Jyväskylä: University of Jyväskylä, 2011. 91 p.