Industrial symbiosis (IS) studies the physical flows of materials and energy in local industrial systems using a systems approach. In this study the total fuel and energy use, and greenhouse gas emissions are calculated for an ‘industrial park’ operating in the same manner as an IS. Moreover the relevance of industrial symbiosis, particularly one centred on pulp and paper manufacturing, in moving towards more sustainable fuel consumption and reduced greenhouse gas emissions is discussed. The system is compared to hypothetical stand-alone production. Moreover, possibilities to reduce the energy use and total greenhouse gas emissions of the park are identified.
- Industrial symbiosis
- Eco-industrial Park
- Greenhouse gas emissions
Sokka, L., Pakarinen, S., & Melanen, M. (2011). Industrial symbiosis contributing to more sustainable energy use: An example from the forest industry in Kymenlaakso, Finland. Journal of Cleaner Production, 19(4), 285-293. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2009.08.014