Influence of driving cycle uncertainty on electric city bus energy consumption

Klaus Kivekaes, Jari Vepsaelaeinen, Kari Tammi, Joel Anttila

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The objective of this study was to analyze the energy consumption variations of an electric city bus caused by driving cycle uncertainty on a specific route. A novel energy consumption analysis method was developed to create a reliable energy consumption forecast for a bus route. The method is based on synthesizing new artificial driving cycles for a selected route by compiling the new cycles from segments of actual cycles measured from the route. The segment-based synthetization algorithm randomizes the bus stops at which the vehicle stops and the measured base cycle used for each segment of the route. 4000 driving cycles were synthesized for a suburban bus route in Espoo, Finland, and a validated full-electric city bus simulation model was used to run the cycles. As a result, an energy consumption distribution forecast was obtained for the route. The energy consumption distribution forecast closely resembled a normal distribution. Furthermore, the energy consumption influence of the number of stops made at bus stops during the cycle was examined. The relationship between the number of stops and the energy consumption was linear.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of 2017 IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, VPPC 2017
    PublisherIEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
    Pages1-5
    Number of pages5
    ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5386-1317-7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2018
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    Event14th IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, VPPC 2017 - Belfort, France
    Duration: 14 Dec 201717 Dec 2017

    Conference

    Conference14th IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, VPPC 2017
    CountryFrance
    CityBelfort
    Period14/12/1717/12/17

    Fingerprint

    energy consumption
    Energy Consumption
    Energy utilization
    uncertainty
    Uncertainty
    Cycle
    Forecast
    Cycle Basis
    Normal distribution
    Influence
    simulation model
    Finland
    Gaussian distribution
    Simulation Model

    Keywords

    • bus
    • cycle
    • distribution
    • driving
    • electric
    • energy
    • forecast
    • model
    • simulation
    • stop
    • uncertainty

    Cite this

    Kivekaes, K., Vepsaelaeinen, J., Tammi, K., & Anttila, J. (2018). Influence of driving cycle uncertainty on electric city bus energy consumption. In Proceedings of 2017 IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, VPPC 2017 (pp. 1-5). IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers . https://doi.org/10.1109/VPPC.2017.8331014
    Kivekaes, Klaus ; Vepsaelaeinen, Jari ; Tammi, Kari ; Anttila, Joel. / Influence of driving cycle uncertainty on electric city bus energy consumption. Proceedings of 2017 IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, VPPC 2017. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , 2018. pp. 1-5
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    abstract = "The objective of this study was to analyze the energy consumption variations of an electric city bus caused by driving cycle uncertainty on a specific route. A novel energy consumption analysis method was developed to create a reliable energy consumption forecast for a bus route. The method is based on synthesizing new artificial driving cycles for a selected route by compiling the new cycles from segments of actual cycles measured from the route. The segment-based synthetization algorithm randomizes the bus stops at which the vehicle stops and the measured base cycle used for each segment of the route. 4000 driving cycles were synthesized for a suburban bus route in Espoo, Finland, and a validated full-electric city bus simulation model was used to run the cycles. As a result, an energy consumption distribution forecast was obtained for the route. The energy consumption distribution forecast closely resembled a normal distribution. Furthermore, the energy consumption influence of the number of stops made at bus stops during the cycle was examined. The relationship between the number of stops and the energy consumption was linear.",
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    Kivekaes, K, Vepsaelaeinen, J, Tammi, K & Anttila, J 2018, Influence of driving cycle uncertainty on electric city bus energy consumption. in Proceedings of 2017 IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, VPPC 2017. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , pp. 1-5, 14th IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, VPPC 2017, Belfort, France, 14/12/17. https://doi.org/10.1109/VPPC.2017.8331014

    Influence of driving cycle uncertainty on electric city bus energy consumption. / Kivekaes, Klaus; Vepsaelaeinen, Jari; Tammi, Kari; Anttila, Joel.

    Proceedings of 2017 IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, VPPC 2017. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , 2018. p. 1-5.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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    Kivekaes K, Vepsaelaeinen J, Tammi K, Anttila J. Influence of driving cycle uncertainty on electric city bus energy consumption. In Proceedings of 2017 IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, VPPC 2017. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers . 2018. p. 1-5 https://doi.org/10.1109/VPPC.2017.8331014