Influence of ink chemistry and uncoated paper surface energy on setting and transfer of water-based flexographic inks

W.T. Luu, D.W. Bousfield, John Kettle

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsProfessional

Abstract

The setting and transfer of water-based flexographic inks is of critical importance for the print quality of uncoated papers and linerboards. While paper surface free energy is often of importance for print properties, ink chemistry such as binder type and its interaction with the paper is also known to influence ink transfer. Some of the same fundamental mechanisms that control coating operations should be related to these inks, but the important paper and fluid parameters are not clear in the literature. Four different base papers, a woodfree, newsprint, supercalendered (SC) and linerboard, were treated with a solution of alkyl ketene dimer (AKD) in hexane to change the surface energy without changing fiber pore structure. The samples were printed with a laboratory flexographic proof press at a range of anilox volumes using two water-based inks. For one ink formulated with an emulsion binder, the sized paper produced a significant decrease in ink transfer and print density compared to the unsized paper. However, for the solution binder ink, ink transfer and print density were not influenced by the substrate contact angle. The two inks had similar viscosity and surface tensions. The difference in behavior seems to be related to the filtercake resistance of the inks. The ink that was not sensitive to the paper surface energy had a high filtercake resistance: this resistance causes the ink transfer to depend on the ink film split, not the paper surface energy. A model is proposed that predicts the correct trends in ink transfer for parameters that match the laboratory conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPaper Conference and Trade Show 2010 (PaperCon 2010)
Subtitle of host publicationAtlanta, Georgia, USA, 2-5 May 2010
PublisherTAPPI Press
Pages3212-3253
Volume4
ISBN (Print)978-1-61738-789-0
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeD3 Professional conference proceedings
EventPaper Conference and Trade Show, PaperCon 2010 - Atlanta, United States
Duration: 2 May 20105 May 2010

Publication series

Name
Volume4

Conference

ConferencePaper Conference and Trade Show, PaperCon 2010
CountryUnited States
CityAtlanta
Period2/05/105/05/10

Fingerprint

Interfacial energy
Ink
Water
Binders
Newsprint
Pore structure
Hexane
Dimers
Free energy
Contact angle
Emulsions
Surface tension

Cite this

Luu, W. T., Bousfield, D. W., & Kettle, J. (2010). Influence of ink chemistry and uncoated paper surface energy on setting and transfer of water-based flexographic inks. In Paper Conference and Trade Show 2010 (PaperCon 2010): Atlanta, Georgia, USA, 2-5 May 2010 (Vol. 4, pp. 3212-3253). TAPPI Press.
Luu, W.T. ; Bousfield, D.W. ; Kettle, John. / Influence of ink chemistry and uncoated paper surface energy on setting and transfer of water-based flexographic inks. Paper Conference and Trade Show 2010 (PaperCon 2010): Atlanta, Georgia, USA, 2-5 May 2010. Vol. 4 TAPPI Press, 2010. pp. 3212-3253
@inproceedings{468cbd4b58ff4e4aad6d1ece79a0e993,
title = "Influence of ink chemistry and uncoated paper surface energy on setting and transfer of water-based flexographic inks",
abstract = "The setting and transfer of water-based flexographic inks is of critical importance for the print quality of uncoated papers and linerboards. While paper surface free energy is often of importance for print properties, ink chemistry such as binder type and its interaction with the paper is also known to influence ink transfer. Some of the same fundamental mechanisms that control coating operations should be related to these inks, but the important paper and fluid parameters are not clear in the literature. Four different base papers, a woodfree, newsprint, supercalendered (SC) and linerboard, were treated with a solution of alkyl ketene dimer (AKD) in hexane to change the surface energy without changing fiber pore structure. The samples were printed with a laboratory flexographic proof press at a range of anilox volumes using two water-based inks. For one ink formulated with an emulsion binder, the sized paper produced a significant decrease in ink transfer and print density compared to the unsized paper. However, for the solution binder ink, ink transfer and print density were not influenced by the substrate contact angle. The two inks had similar viscosity and surface tensions. The difference in behavior seems to be related to the filtercake resistance of the inks. The ink that was not sensitive to the paper surface energy had a high filtercake resistance: this resistance causes the ink transfer to depend on the ink film split, not the paper surface energy. A model is proposed that predicts the correct trends in ink transfer for parameters that match the laboratory conditions.",
author = "W.T. Luu and D.W. Bousfield and John Kettle",
year = "2010",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-1-61738-789-0",
volume = "4",
publisher = "TAPPI Press",
pages = "3212--3253",
booktitle = "Paper Conference and Trade Show 2010 (PaperCon 2010)",
address = "United States",

}

Luu, WT, Bousfield, DW & Kettle, J 2010, Influence of ink chemistry and uncoated paper surface energy on setting and transfer of water-based flexographic inks. in Paper Conference and Trade Show 2010 (PaperCon 2010): Atlanta, Georgia, USA, 2-5 May 2010. vol. 4, TAPPI Press, pp. 3212-3253, Paper Conference and Trade Show, PaperCon 2010, Atlanta, United States, 2/05/10.

Influence of ink chemistry and uncoated paper surface energy on setting and transfer of water-based flexographic inks. / Luu, W.T.; Bousfield, D.W.; Kettle, John.

Paper Conference and Trade Show 2010 (PaperCon 2010): Atlanta, Georgia, USA, 2-5 May 2010. Vol. 4 TAPPI Press, 2010. p. 3212-3253.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsProfessional

TY - GEN

T1 - Influence of ink chemistry and uncoated paper surface energy on setting and transfer of water-based flexographic inks

AU - Luu, W.T.

AU - Bousfield, D.W.

AU - Kettle, John

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - The setting and transfer of water-based flexographic inks is of critical importance for the print quality of uncoated papers and linerboards. While paper surface free energy is often of importance for print properties, ink chemistry such as binder type and its interaction with the paper is also known to influence ink transfer. Some of the same fundamental mechanisms that control coating operations should be related to these inks, but the important paper and fluid parameters are not clear in the literature. Four different base papers, a woodfree, newsprint, supercalendered (SC) and linerboard, were treated with a solution of alkyl ketene dimer (AKD) in hexane to change the surface energy without changing fiber pore structure. The samples were printed with a laboratory flexographic proof press at a range of anilox volumes using two water-based inks. For one ink formulated with an emulsion binder, the sized paper produced a significant decrease in ink transfer and print density compared to the unsized paper. However, for the solution binder ink, ink transfer and print density were not influenced by the substrate contact angle. The two inks had similar viscosity and surface tensions. The difference in behavior seems to be related to the filtercake resistance of the inks. The ink that was not sensitive to the paper surface energy had a high filtercake resistance: this resistance causes the ink transfer to depend on the ink film split, not the paper surface energy. A model is proposed that predicts the correct trends in ink transfer for parameters that match the laboratory conditions.

AB - The setting and transfer of water-based flexographic inks is of critical importance for the print quality of uncoated papers and linerboards. While paper surface free energy is often of importance for print properties, ink chemistry such as binder type and its interaction with the paper is also known to influence ink transfer. Some of the same fundamental mechanisms that control coating operations should be related to these inks, but the important paper and fluid parameters are not clear in the literature. Four different base papers, a woodfree, newsprint, supercalendered (SC) and linerboard, were treated with a solution of alkyl ketene dimer (AKD) in hexane to change the surface energy without changing fiber pore structure. The samples were printed with a laboratory flexographic proof press at a range of anilox volumes using two water-based inks. For one ink formulated with an emulsion binder, the sized paper produced a significant decrease in ink transfer and print density compared to the unsized paper. However, for the solution binder ink, ink transfer and print density were not influenced by the substrate contact angle. The two inks had similar viscosity and surface tensions. The difference in behavior seems to be related to the filtercake resistance of the inks. The ink that was not sensitive to the paper surface energy had a high filtercake resistance: this resistance causes the ink transfer to depend on the ink film split, not the paper surface energy. A model is proposed that predicts the correct trends in ink transfer for parameters that match the laboratory conditions.

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

SN - 978-1-61738-789-0

VL - 4

SP - 3212

EP - 3253

BT - Paper Conference and Trade Show 2010 (PaperCon 2010)

PB - TAPPI Press

ER -

Luu WT, Bousfield DW, Kettle J. Influence of ink chemistry and uncoated paper surface energy on setting and transfer of water-based flexographic inks. In Paper Conference and Trade Show 2010 (PaperCon 2010): Atlanta, Georgia, USA, 2-5 May 2010. Vol. 4. TAPPI Press. 2010. p. 3212-3253