The effects of changes in geometries and material properties of rotating band and long range artillery projectile shell body on gun tube stress are presented. The results are based on numerical calculations (finite element analysis, FEA). Numerical explicit dynamic analyses were performed assuming elastic–plastic material behavior and nonlinear kinematics. Mechanical loading of shell body was controlled by pressure–time relationship based on the simulation of internal ballistic cycle. One degree slice of projectile and forcing cone section of gun tube was modeled as simplified smooth bore 3D analysis model. The results were in agreement with the measured results in firing trials and also with the results presented in open literature. Although simplified computations were used, the influences of the structural modifications of the rotating band and the shell body were shown.