Influence of Zn on the oxide layer on AISI 316L(NG) stainless steel in simulated pressurised water reactor coolant

Iva Betova, Martin Bojinov (Corresponding Author), Petri Kinnunen, Klas Lundgren, Timo Saario

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    32 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The oxidation of AISI 316L(NG) stainless steel in simulated pressurised water reactor (PWR) coolant with or without addition of 1 ppm Zn at 280 °C for up to 96 h has been characterised in situ by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), both at the corrosion potential and under anodic polarisation up to 0.5 V vs. the reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE). Additional tests were performed in simulated PWR coolant with the addition of 0.01 M Na2B4O7 to exclude the effect of pH excursions probably due to Zn hydrolysis reactions. The thickness and in-depth composition of the oxide films formed at open circuit and at 0.5 V vs. RHE in the investigated electrolytes have been estimated from X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) depth profiles. The kinetic and transport parameters characterising the oxide layer growth have been estimated using a calculational procedure based on the mixed conduction model for oxide films. Successful simulations of both the EIS and XPS data have been obtained. The parameter estimates are discussed in terms of the effect of Zn on the oxide layers on stainless steel in PWR conditions.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1056-1069
    Number of pages14
    JournalElectrochimica Acta
    Volume54
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Pressurized water reactors
    Stainless Steel
    Coolants
    Oxides
    Stainless steel
    Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
    Oxide films
    Hydrogen
    X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
    Electrodes
    Anodic polarization
    Electrolytes
    Hydrolysis
    Corrosion
    Oxidation
    Kinetics
    Networks (circuits)
    Chemical analysis

    Keywords

    • stainless steel
    • pressurised water reactor coolant
    • oxide film growth
    • zinc incorporation
    • kinetic model

    Cite this

    @article{3ab7984011b64043a6861e2adfc74ade,
    title = "Influence of Zn on the oxide layer on AISI 316L(NG) stainless steel in simulated pressurised water reactor coolant",
    abstract = "The oxidation of AISI 316L(NG) stainless steel in simulated pressurised water reactor (PWR) coolant with or without addition of 1 ppm Zn at 280 °C for up to 96 h has been characterised in situ by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), both at the corrosion potential and under anodic polarisation up to 0.5 V vs. the reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE). Additional tests were performed in simulated PWR coolant with the addition of 0.01 M Na2B4O7 to exclude the effect of pH excursions probably due to Zn hydrolysis reactions. The thickness and in-depth composition of the oxide films formed at open circuit and at 0.5 V vs. RHE in the investigated electrolytes have been estimated from X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) depth profiles. The kinetic and transport parameters characterising the oxide layer growth have been estimated using a calculational procedure based on the mixed conduction model for oxide films. Successful simulations of both the EIS and XPS data have been obtained. The parameter estimates are discussed in terms of the effect of Zn on the oxide layers on stainless steel in PWR conditions.",
    keywords = "stainless steel, pressurised water reactor coolant, oxide film growth, zinc incorporation, kinetic model",
    author = "Iva Betova and Martin Bojinov and Petri Kinnunen and Klas Lundgren and Timo Saario",
    note = "Project code: 6402",
    year = "2009",
    doi = "10.1016/j.electacta.2008.08.040",
    language = "English",
    volume = "54",
    pages = "1056--1069",
    journal = "Electrochimica Acta",
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    Influence of Zn on the oxide layer on AISI 316L(NG) stainless steel in simulated pressurised water reactor coolant. / Betova, Iva; Bojinov, Martin (Corresponding Author); Kinnunen, Petri; Lundgren, Klas; Saario, Timo.

    In: Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 54, No. 3, 2009, p. 1056-1069.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Influence of Zn on the oxide layer on AISI 316L(NG) stainless steel in simulated pressurised water reactor coolant

    AU - Betova, Iva

    AU - Bojinov, Martin

    AU - Kinnunen, Petri

    AU - Lundgren, Klas

    AU - Saario, Timo

    N1 - Project code: 6402

    PY - 2009

    Y1 - 2009

    N2 - The oxidation of AISI 316L(NG) stainless steel in simulated pressurised water reactor (PWR) coolant with or without addition of 1 ppm Zn at 280 °C for up to 96 h has been characterised in situ by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), both at the corrosion potential and under anodic polarisation up to 0.5 V vs. the reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE). Additional tests were performed in simulated PWR coolant with the addition of 0.01 M Na2B4O7 to exclude the effect of pH excursions probably due to Zn hydrolysis reactions. The thickness and in-depth composition of the oxide films formed at open circuit and at 0.5 V vs. RHE in the investigated electrolytes have been estimated from X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) depth profiles. The kinetic and transport parameters characterising the oxide layer growth have been estimated using a calculational procedure based on the mixed conduction model for oxide films. Successful simulations of both the EIS and XPS data have been obtained. The parameter estimates are discussed in terms of the effect of Zn on the oxide layers on stainless steel in PWR conditions.

    AB - The oxidation of AISI 316L(NG) stainless steel in simulated pressurised water reactor (PWR) coolant with or without addition of 1 ppm Zn at 280 °C for up to 96 h has been characterised in situ by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), both at the corrosion potential and under anodic polarisation up to 0.5 V vs. the reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE). Additional tests were performed in simulated PWR coolant with the addition of 0.01 M Na2B4O7 to exclude the effect of pH excursions probably due to Zn hydrolysis reactions. The thickness and in-depth composition of the oxide films formed at open circuit and at 0.5 V vs. RHE in the investigated electrolytes have been estimated from X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) depth profiles. The kinetic and transport parameters characterising the oxide layer growth have been estimated using a calculational procedure based on the mixed conduction model for oxide films. Successful simulations of both the EIS and XPS data have been obtained. The parameter estimates are discussed in terms of the effect of Zn on the oxide layers on stainless steel in PWR conditions.

    KW - stainless steel

    KW - pressurised water reactor coolant

    KW - oxide film growth

    KW - zinc incorporation

    KW - kinetic model

    U2 - 10.1016/j.electacta.2008.08.040

    DO - 10.1016/j.electacta.2008.08.040

    M3 - Article

    VL - 54

    SP - 1056

    EP - 1069

    JO - Electrochimica Acta

    JF - Electrochimica Acta

    SN - 0013-4686

    IS - 3

    ER -