Information security awareness in a developing country context: Insights from the government sector in Saudi Arabia

Raneem AlMindeel, Jorge Tiago Martins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to increase understanding of employee information security awareness in a government sector setting and illuminate the problems that public sector organisations in a developing context face when seeking to establish an information security awareness programme. Design/methodology/approach: An interpretive research design was followed to develop an empirically enriched understanding of information security awareness perceptions, aspirations, challenges and enablers in the context of Saudi Arabia as a developing country. The study adopts a single-case study approach, including face-to-face interviews with senior employees, as well as document analysis. Findings: The paper theorises the importance of individual information security awareness, knowledge and behaviour and identifies a number of facilitating conditions: customisation to employee and organisational needs, interactivity, innovation, frequency, integration of both electronic and physical learning resources and rewarding the acquisition of in-depth security-related actionable knowledge. Originality/value: This study is one of the first to examine information security awareness as a socio-technical process within a government sector organisation in a developing country context.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)770-788
Number of pages19
JournalInformation Technology and People
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 12 Mar 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Government sector
  • Information security awareness
  • Information security behaviour
  • Public servants
  • Saudi Arabia


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