Innovation, informal economy, and development: Case of Zambia

Ephraim Daka, Hannes Toivanen

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientificpeer-review


    The Zambian government has been building the national system of innovation (NSI) since the mid-1990s. But due to poor interaction between government, business and universities and the absence of pro-poor innovation policy instruments, the system has suffered from serious shortfalls. This paper investigates the informal elements of the NSI policies and analyzes the interactive dynamics of the innovation system to measure successes and identify failures. It proposes the triple-helix approach as a key concept to building an inclusive government-informal sector relationship that is framed on pro-poor policies for the alleviation of poverty through enhancing socioeconomic development
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible
    EventTriple-Helix 10th International conference 2012 - Bandung, Indonesia
    Duration: 8 Aug 201210 Aug 2012


    ConferenceTriple-Helix 10th International conference 2012


    • Development
    • national system of innovation
    • Zambia
    • poverty
    • informal sector


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