Innovation, the informal economy and development

The case of Zambia

Ephraim Daka (Corresponding Author), Hannes Toivanen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

National systems of innovation have been serving as the conceptual framework and vehicle to address poverty and national competitiveness in developing countries. Zambia has been building its NSI since 1964, but the existing system suffers from serious shortcomings related to an insufficient conceptually inclusive framework and the absence of direct and concrete pro-poor innovation policy instruments. The system lacks strong interactive dynamics and suffers from weak governance. Zambia has also followed an export-driven industrial economy, but the expected knowledge spill-over gains from large mining operations have not been realised. The paper examines national innovation strategies by emphasising the importance of the informal sector and the potential for innovation at grass-roots level. It examines the evolution of science and technology policies by highlighting how the excluded areas can be included. The absence of pro-poor innovation and lack of inclusive policies are highlighted as factors contributing to low productivity and socioeconomic imbalances.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-251
Number of pages8
JournalAfrican Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Zambia
innovation
Innovation
economy
innovation strategy
industrial economy
innovation policy
informal sector
lack
competitiveness
technology policy
productivity
developing country
poverty
governance
Hazardous materials spills
conceptual framework
science and technology
Developing countries
science

Keywords

  • Zambia
  • national innovation systems
  • informal sector
  • innovation policies
  • development cooperation
  • poverty

Cite this

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title = "Innovation, the informal economy and development: The case of Zambia",
abstract = "National systems of innovation have been serving as the conceptual framework and vehicle to address poverty and national competitiveness in developing countries. Zambia has been building its NSI since 1964, but the existing system suffers from serious shortcomings related to an insufficient conceptually inclusive framework and the absence of direct and concrete pro-poor innovation policy instruments. The system lacks strong interactive dynamics and suffers from weak governance. Zambia has also followed an export-driven industrial economy, but the expected knowledge spill-over gains from large mining operations have not been realised. The paper examines national innovation strategies by emphasising the importance of the informal sector and the potential for innovation at grass-roots level. It examines the evolution of science and technology policies by highlighting how the excluded areas can be included. The absence of pro-poor innovation and lack of inclusive policies are highlighted as factors contributing to low productivity and socioeconomic imbalances.",
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Innovation, the informal economy and development : The case of Zambia. / Daka, Ephraim (Corresponding Author); Toivanen, Hannes.

In: African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, Vol. 6, No. 4, 2014, p. 243-251.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Toivanen, Hannes

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AB - National systems of innovation have been serving as the conceptual framework and vehicle to address poverty and national competitiveness in developing countries. Zambia has been building its NSI since 1964, but the existing system suffers from serious shortcomings related to an insufficient conceptually inclusive framework and the absence of direct and concrete pro-poor innovation policy instruments. The system lacks strong interactive dynamics and suffers from weak governance. Zambia has also followed an export-driven industrial economy, but the expected knowledge spill-over gains from large mining operations have not been realised. The paper examines national innovation strategies by emphasising the importance of the informal sector and the potential for innovation at grass-roots level. It examines the evolution of science and technology policies by highlighting how the excluded areas can be included. The absence of pro-poor innovation and lack of inclusive policies are highlighted as factors contributing to low productivity and socioeconomic imbalances.

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