Insight into the penalty of exhaust emissions and fuel consumption by DPF regeneration of a diesel passenger car

Junfeng Huang, Jianbing Gao (Corresponding Author), Yufeng Wang, Haibo Chen, Juhani Laurikko, Ari Pekka Pellikka, Ce Yang, Chaochen Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


In order to keep high fuel economy of diesel passenger cars, Diesel particulate filter (DPF) is periodically regenerated. In the regeneration process, extra fuel is injected into combustion chambers to achieve high exhaust temperature for the purpose of oxidizing particles accumulating on DPF substrate. It generates significant impacts on passenger car performance and exhaust emissions. In this paper, real-driving performance and exhaust emissions of a diesel car were tested over sixteen drivers under real-world conditions. DPF regeneration events were identified via exhaust temperature. Vehicle power output, fuel economy, and exhaust emissions in the trips both with and without DPF regeneration were analyzed. The results indicated that DPF regeneration events occurred in three of thirty-two test trips, and the maximum exhaust temperature was 250 °C during DPF regeneration. The DPF regeneration event led to the decrease of fuel economy and the increase of particle number, nitrogen oxides and carbon dioxides emission. Particle number emission factors were increased from approximately 109 #/km to 5 × 1010 #/km during DPF regeneration. The average power output of the car was in the range of 14.5 kW–15.6 kW and 15.8 kW–18.4 kW for the trips with and without DPF regeneration, respectively. However, Carbon monoxide emission factors were insensitive to DPF regeneration in the test trips.

Original languageEnglish
Article number136629
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


The research reported in this paper was supported by the EU-funded project MODALES (grant agreement No 815189 ), “ Beijing Institute of Technology Research Fund Program for Young Scholars ( XSQD-202203001 )”, “the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, CHD ( 300102222509 , 300102222104 )”, and “ National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51736001 )”.


  • Diesel car
  • DPF regeneration
  • Fuel consumption
  • PN emission
  • Power output


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