Integrated Bioenergy Hybrids: Flexible renewable energy solutions

Ilkka Hannula, Elina Hakkarainen

    Research output: Book/ReportReport


    The status and potential of integrated bioenergy hybrids have been surveyed for Finland, Germany and Austria. In this work, an integrated bioenergy hybrid is defined as an energy conversion process that has at least two energy inputs, one of which is bioenergy. The term RES (renewable energy source) hybrid can also be used if all energy inputs are from renewable sources. The stateof-the-art survey for Finland, Germany and Austria revealed that elements for the implementation
    of RES hybrids in various sectors are already in place. In addition, region-specific characteristics in terms of configurations, applications and scales of hybrids were identified.
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages44
    Publication statusPublished - 2017
    MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study


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