Integrated PEMFC hybrid test platform for industrial vehicles

Timo Keränen, Henri Karimäki, Jaana Viitakangas, Jari Ihonen, Heidi Uusalo, Thomas Tingelöf, José Vallet, Petri Hyötylä

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

    Abstract

    Materials handling vehicles are considered one of the potential early markets for fuel cells. In this application, lifetime and reliability have been identified as key parameters to be maximized. However, typical work cycle of many materials handling and other industrial vehicles, like forklifts, is characterized by heavy and fast variations in power demand. This sort of fast transient operation is not ideal for a fuel cell and hence hybridizing it with different energy storages is preferred. A hybrid power source consisting of PEMFC, ultracapacitors and lead-acid battery has been developed on a large counterweight forklift. The energy storages were connected directly in parallel without actual power electronics in order to achieve simple structure and avoid conversion losses. In this arrangement, the lead-acid battery SoC and the internal resistance of energy storages directly dictate the load distribution between them. Only high current rated relays and a Schottky-diode are used to control current flow between energy storages and protect the fuel cell stacks.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationFuel Cell Seminar & Exposition 
    Subtitle of host publicationAbstract Book 2010
    Place of PublicationSan Antonio, Texas, USA
    Pages114-119
    Publication statusPublished - 2010
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible
    EventFuel Cell Seminar 2010 - San Antonio, Texas, United States
    Duration: 18 Oct 201021 Oct 2010

    Conference

    ConferenceFuel Cell Seminar 2010
    CountryUnited States
    CitySan Antonio, Texas
    Period18/10/1021/10/10

    Fingerprint

    Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
    Energy storage
    Fuel cells
    Lead acid batteries
    Materials handling
    Electric current control
    Power electronics
    Diodes

    Keywords

    • PEMFC
    • hybrid
    • experimental
    • forklift

    Cite this

    Keränen, T., Karimäki, H., Viitakangas, J., Ihonen, J., Uusalo, H., Tingelöf, T., ... Hyötylä, P. (2010). Integrated PEMFC hybrid test platform for industrial vehicles. In Fuel Cell Seminar & Exposition : Abstract Book 2010 (pp. 114-119). San Antonio, Texas, USA.
    Keränen, Timo ; Karimäki, Henri ; Viitakangas, Jaana ; Ihonen, Jari ; Uusalo, Heidi ; Tingelöf, Thomas ; Vallet, José ; Hyötylä, Petri. / Integrated PEMFC hybrid test platform for industrial vehicles. Fuel Cell Seminar & Exposition : Abstract Book 2010. San Antonio, Texas, USA, 2010. pp. 114-119
    @inbook{20d96482851549f3b1168d01067556bc,
    title = "Integrated PEMFC hybrid test platform for industrial vehicles",
    abstract = "Materials handling vehicles are considered one of the potential early markets for fuel cells. In this application, lifetime and reliability have been identified as key parameters to be maximized. However, typical work cycle of many materials handling and other industrial vehicles, like forklifts, is characterized by heavy and fast variations in power demand. This sort of fast transient operation is not ideal for a fuel cell and hence hybridizing it with different energy storages is preferred. A hybrid power source consisting of PEMFC, ultracapacitors and lead-acid battery has been developed on a large counterweight forklift. The energy storages were connected directly in parallel without actual power electronics in order to achieve simple structure and avoid conversion losses. In this arrangement, the lead-acid battery SoC and the internal resistance of energy storages directly dictate the load distribution between them. Only high current rated relays and a Schottky-diode are used to control current flow between energy storages and protect the fuel cell stacks.",
    keywords = "PEMFC, hybrid, experimental, forklift",
    author = "Timo Ker{\"a}nen and Henri Karim{\"a}ki and Jaana Viitakangas and Jari Ihonen and Heidi Uusalo and Thomas Tingel{\"o}f and Jos{\'e} Vallet and Petri Hy{\"o}tyl{\"a}",
    note = "3 Project code: 41909",
    year = "2010",
    language = "English",
    pages = "114--119",
    booktitle = "Fuel Cell Seminar & Exposition ",

    }

    Keränen, T, Karimäki, H, Viitakangas, J, Ihonen, J, Uusalo, H, Tingelöf, T, Vallet, J & Hyötylä, P 2010, Integrated PEMFC hybrid test platform for industrial vehicles. in Fuel Cell Seminar & Exposition : Abstract Book 2010. San Antonio, Texas, USA, pp. 114-119, Fuel Cell Seminar 2010, San Antonio, Texas, United States, 18/10/10.

    Integrated PEMFC hybrid test platform for industrial vehicles. / Keränen, Timo; Karimäki, Henri; Viitakangas, Jaana; Ihonen, Jari; Uusalo, Heidi; Tingelöf, Thomas; Vallet, José; Hyötylä, Petri.

    Fuel Cell Seminar & Exposition : Abstract Book 2010. San Antonio, Texas, USA, 2010. p. 114-119.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

    TY - CHAP

    T1 - Integrated PEMFC hybrid test platform for industrial vehicles

    AU - Keränen, Timo

    AU - Karimäki, Henri

    AU - Viitakangas, Jaana

    AU - Ihonen, Jari

    AU - Uusalo, Heidi

    AU - Tingelöf, Thomas

    AU - Vallet, José

    AU - Hyötylä, Petri

    N1 - 3 Project code: 41909

    PY - 2010

    Y1 - 2010

    N2 - Materials handling vehicles are considered one of the potential early markets for fuel cells. In this application, lifetime and reliability have been identified as key parameters to be maximized. However, typical work cycle of many materials handling and other industrial vehicles, like forklifts, is characterized by heavy and fast variations in power demand. This sort of fast transient operation is not ideal for a fuel cell and hence hybridizing it with different energy storages is preferred. A hybrid power source consisting of PEMFC, ultracapacitors and lead-acid battery has been developed on a large counterweight forklift. The energy storages were connected directly in parallel without actual power electronics in order to achieve simple structure and avoid conversion losses. In this arrangement, the lead-acid battery SoC and the internal resistance of energy storages directly dictate the load distribution between them. Only high current rated relays and a Schottky-diode are used to control current flow between energy storages and protect the fuel cell stacks.

    AB - Materials handling vehicles are considered one of the potential early markets for fuel cells. In this application, lifetime and reliability have been identified as key parameters to be maximized. However, typical work cycle of many materials handling and other industrial vehicles, like forklifts, is characterized by heavy and fast variations in power demand. This sort of fast transient operation is not ideal for a fuel cell and hence hybridizing it with different energy storages is preferred. A hybrid power source consisting of PEMFC, ultracapacitors and lead-acid battery has been developed on a large counterweight forklift. The energy storages were connected directly in parallel without actual power electronics in order to achieve simple structure and avoid conversion losses. In this arrangement, the lead-acid battery SoC and the internal resistance of energy storages directly dictate the load distribution between them. Only high current rated relays and a Schottky-diode are used to control current flow between energy storages and protect the fuel cell stacks.

    KW - PEMFC

    KW - hybrid

    KW - experimental

    KW - forklift

    M3 - Conference abstract in proceedings

    SP - 114

    EP - 119

    BT - Fuel Cell Seminar & Exposition 

    CY - San Antonio, Texas, USA

    ER -

    Keränen T, Karimäki H, Viitakangas J, Ihonen J, Uusalo H, Tingelöf T et al. Integrated PEMFC hybrid test platform for industrial vehicles. In Fuel Cell Seminar & Exposition : Abstract Book 2010. San Antonio, Texas, USA. 2010. p. 114-119