We are interested in broadening the substrate utilization range of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and in connection to this to study nutritional responses and signalling at a global level. S.cerevisiae does not naturally utilize pentose sugars unlike most other fungi, thus recombinant S.cerevisiae strains have been constructed that contain the xylose utilization pathway from other yeasts. The recombinant xylose pathway is believed to create a redox imbalance in the cells, due to different cofactor requirements of the enzymes of the pathway, and limit xylose fermentation. In order to understand redox and nutrient regulation in general, and the physiology of xylose utilising S.cerevisiae, we carried out chemostat and batch cultures at different oxygenation levels on xylose as a carbon source, and compared those with glucose cultures. Transcriptional profiling, total proteomics and metabolite analyses were carried out. New responses towards xylose as a carbon source were discovered such as the upregulation of pathways for alternative carbon source utilisation and responses for nutritional control and starvation. The physiology of the recombinant yeast appears to be neither fully repressed (fermentative) nor derepressed (gluconeogenic). References  H. Maaheimo, J. Fiaux, Z. P. Cakar, J. E. Bailey, U. Sauer, T. Szyperski. (2001). Eur. J. Biochem. 268, 2464-2479.  M. H. Toivari, A. Aristidou, L. Ruohonen, M. Penttilä. (2001). Metab. Eng. 3, 236-249.  J.-P. Pitkänen, A. Aristidou, L. Salusjärvi, L. Ruohonen, M. Penttilä. (2003). Metab. Eng. 5, 16-31.  L. Salusjärvi, M. Poutanen, J.-P. Pitkänen, H. Koivistoinen, A. Aristidou, N. Kalkkinen, L. Ruohonen, M. Penttilä. (2003). Yeast 20, 295-314.  L. Salusjärvi, J.-P. Pitkänen, A. Aristidou, L. Ruohonen, M. Penttilä. (2004). (submitted).  J.-P. Pitkänen, E. Rintala, L. Salusjärvi, A. Aristidou, L. Ruohonen, M. Penttilä. (2004). submitted).
|Publication status||Published - 2004|
|Event||28th Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals - Chattanooga, United States|
Duration: 9 May 2004 → 12 May 2004
|Conference||28th Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals|
|Period||9/05/04 → 12/05/04|