Inter-Organizational Perspective to Cyber-Physical System Modelling In Industrial Production

Markku Mikkola, Markus Jähi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This paper illustrates an organizational perspective on cyber-physical systems (CPS) modelling for the factory of the future (FoF). In particular, it addresses challenges that are not of a technical nature but stem from the inter-organizational cooperation between multiple actors that are needed in augmenting physical assets with digital technologies. From the organizational modelling perspective, CPS represents a complex value proposition that cannot be realized without the participation and contribution of multiple, often loosely coupled actors. Thus, CPS exemplifies an organizational 'ecosystem' and draws attention to business issues in ecosystem modelling such as activities, value creation/capture, and risks. The paper conceptually illustrates challenges that may arise from the inter-organizational collaboration, presents a conceptual framework to take them into account when developing and modelling the business ecosystem, and concludes by discussing the role of inter-organizational aspects in relation to cyber-physical systems and the transition to the FoF.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationModelling and Simulation 2020
Subtitle of host publicationThe European Simulation and Modelling Conference, ESM 2020
EditorsAlexandre Nketsa, Claude Baron, Clement Foucher
ISBN (Electronic)978-94-92859-12-9
Publication statusPublished - 2020
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event34th annual ESM'2020 - European Simulation and Modelling Conference - Toulouse, France
Duration: 21 Oct 202023 Oct 2020


Conference34th annual ESM'2020 - European Simulation and Modelling Conference


This paper has been produced as a part of the CyberFactory#1 project carried out under the ITEA3 programme and funded by Business Finland and VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland ltd.


  • Cyber-physical systems
  • Modelling
  • Business ecosystems
  • Organization development
  • Value network
  • Industrial systems


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