Inter-patient ECG classification using deep convolutional neural networks

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In this paper we present fully automatic interpatient electrocardiogram (ECG) signal classification method using deep convolutional neural networks (CNN). ECG is simple and non-invasive way to measure the electric activity of the heart and it provides valuable information about the condition of the heart. It is widely utilized for detecting different abnormalities in heartbeat. Identifying and classification abnormalities is timeconsuming, because it often requires analyzing each heartbeat of the ECG recording. Therefore, automatic classification of the arrhythmias using machine-learning technologies can bring various benefits. In this paper, we are focusing on inter-patient arrhythmia classification, where separate patient data is used in training and test phase. This method is more realistic in clinical environment, where trained model needs to operate with patients, whose ECG data was not available during the training phase. Our proposed method gives 92% sensitivity, 97% positive predictivity and 23% false positive rate for normal heartbeats. For supraventricular ectopic beat, our approach gives 62% sensitivity, 56% positive predictivity and 2% false positive rate. For ventricular ectopic beat, our method gives 89% sensitivity, 51% positive predictivity and 6% false positive rate. These results from our fully automatic feature learning approach are on par with solutions that require manual feature engineering.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication2018 21st Euromicro Conference on Digital System Design
    EditorsNikos Konofaos, Martin Novotny, Amund Skavhaug
    PublisherIEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
    Pages421-425
    Number of pages5
    ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5386-7377-5
    ISBN (Print)978-1-5386-7378-2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2018
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible
    EventEuromicro Conference on Digital System Design, DSD 2018 - Prague, Czech Republic
    Duration: 29 Aug 201831 Aug 2018
    Conference number: 21

    Conference

    ConferenceEuromicro Conference on Digital System Design, DSD 2018
    Abbreviated titleDSD 2018
    CountryCzech Republic
    CityPrague
    Period29/08/1831/08/18

    Fingerprint

    Electrocardiography
    Neural networks
    Learning systems

    Keywords

    • Biomedical signals
    • Convolutional neural networks (CNN)
    • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
    • Inter-patient paradigm

    Cite this

    Takalo-Mattila, J., Kiljander, J., & Soininen, J. P. (2018). Inter-patient ECG classification using deep convolutional neural networks. In N. Konofaos, M. Novotny, & A. Skavhaug (Eds.), 2018 21st Euromicro Conference on Digital System Design (pp. 421-425). [8491848] IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers . https://doi.org/10.1109/DSD.2018.00077
    Takalo-Mattila, Janne ; Kiljander, Jussi ; Soininen, Juha Pekka. / Inter-patient ECG classification using deep convolutional neural networks. 2018 21st Euromicro Conference on Digital System Design. editor / Nikos Konofaos ; Martin Novotny ; Amund Skavhaug. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , 2018. pp. 421-425
    @inproceedings{d7d3e48cfab74a1eaba94028ed1fa633,
    title = "Inter-patient ECG classification using deep convolutional neural networks",
    abstract = "In this paper we present fully automatic interpatient electrocardiogram (ECG) signal classification method using deep convolutional neural networks (CNN). ECG is simple and non-invasive way to measure the electric activity of the heart and it provides valuable information about the condition of the heart. It is widely utilized for detecting different abnormalities in heartbeat. Identifying and classification abnormalities is timeconsuming, because it often requires analyzing each heartbeat of the ECG recording. Therefore, automatic classification of the arrhythmias using machine-learning technologies can bring various benefits. In this paper, we are focusing on inter-patient arrhythmia classification, where separate patient data is used in training and test phase. This method is more realistic in clinical environment, where trained model needs to operate with patients, whose ECG data was not available during the training phase. Our proposed method gives 92{\%} sensitivity, 97{\%} positive predictivity and 23{\%} false positive rate for normal heartbeats. For supraventricular ectopic beat, our approach gives 62{\%} sensitivity, 56{\%} positive predictivity and 2{\%} false positive rate. For ventricular ectopic beat, our method gives 89{\%} sensitivity, 51{\%} positive predictivity and 6{\%} false positive rate. These results from our fully automatic feature learning approach are on par with solutions that require manual feature engineering.",
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    Takalo-Mattila, J, Kiljander, J & Soininen, JP 2018, Inter-patient ECG classification using deep convolutional neural networks. in N Konofaos, M Novotny & A Skavhaug (eds), 2018 21st Euromicro Conference on Digital System Design., 8491848, IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , pp. 421-425, Euromicro Conference on Digital System Design, DSD 2018, Prague, Czech Republic, 29/08/18. https://doi.org/10.1109/DSD.2018.00077

    Inter-patient ECG classification using deep convolutional neural networks. / Takalo-Mattila, Janne; Kiljander, Jussi; Soininen, Juha Pekka.

    2018 21st Euromicro Conference on Digital System Design. ed. / Nikos Konofaos; Martin Novotny; Amund Skavhaug. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers , 2018. p. 421-425 8491848.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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    N2 - In this paper we present fully automatic interpatient electrocardiogram (ECG) signal classification method using deep convolutional neural networks (CNN). ECG is simple and non-invasive way to measure the electric activity of the heart and it provides valuable information about the condition of the heart. It is widely utilized for detecting different abnormalities in heartbeat. Identifying and classification abnormalities is timeconsuming, because it often requires analyzing each heartbeat of the ECG recording. Therefore, automatic classification of the arrhythmias using machine-learning technologies can bring various benefits. In this paper, we are focusing on inter-patient arrhythmia classification, where separate patient data is used in training and test phase. This method is more realistic in clinical environment, where trained model needs to operate with patients, whose ECG data was not available during the training phase. Our proposed method gives 92% sensitivity, 97% positive predictivity and 23% false positive rate for normal heartbeats. For supraventricular ectopic beat, our approach gives 62% sensitivity, 56% positive predictivity and 2% false positive rate. For ventricular ectopic beat, our method gives 89% sensitivity, 51% positive predictivity and 6% false positive rate. These results from our fully automatic feature learning approach are on par with solutions that require manual feature engineering.

    AB - In this paper we present fully automatic interpatient electrocardiogram (ECG) signal classification method using deep convolutional neural networks (CNN). ECG is simple and non-invasive way to measure the electric activity of the heart and it provides valuable information about the condition of the heart. It is widely utilized for detecting different abnormalities in heartbeat. Identifying and classification abnormalities is timeconsuming, because it often requires analyzing each heartbeat of the ECG recording. Therefore, automatic classification of the arrhythmias using machine-learning technologies can bring various benefits. In this paper, we are focusing on inter-patient arrhythmia classification, where separate patient data is used in training and test phase. This method is more realistic in clinical environment, where trained model needs to operate with patients, whose ECG data was not available during the training phase. Our proposed method gives 92% sensitivity, 97% positive predictivity and 23% false positive rate for normal heartbeats. For supraventricular ectopic beat, our approach gives 62% sensitivity, 56% positive predictivity and 2% false positive rate. For ventricular ectopic beat, our method gives 89% sensitivity, 51% positive predictivity and 6% false positive rate. These results from our fully automatic feature learning approach are on par with solutions that require manual feature engineering.

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    Takalo-Mattila J, Kiljander J, Soininen JP. Inter-patient ECG classification using deep convolutional neural networks. In Konofaos N, Novotny M, Skavhaug A, editors, 2018 21st Euromicro Conference on Digital System Design. IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers . 2018. p. 421-425. 8491848 https://doi.org/10.1109/DSD.2018.00077