Interaction of the EU ETS and national climate policy instruments - Impact on biomass use

N. Kautto, A. Arasto, J. Sijm, P. Peck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Policy-makers apply multiple policy instruments simultaneously in the climate and energy policy field at both EU and Member State levels. This creates interactions between instruments that can be complementary and synergistic but also conflicting. This article focuses on the interactions of climate policy instruments and their impact on biomass use. The objectives are to examine interactions of the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) with the main national climate policy instruments and to identify the influence of these on biomass use. The work draws experiences from seven EU countries (Austria, Finland, Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Sweden and the United Kingdom), with a special focus on Finland and Sweden. The analysis explores the effects of policy interactions and is based on an examination of literature, and interviews with biomass experts in research, industry and policy spheres. Results indicate that the combined effects of climate policy instruments have a tangible impact on biomass use, whereas the causal links to the EU ETS are difficult to assess separately. Policy impacts found include increased competition for biomass resources, changes in fuel mixes and a contribution to upward pressure on wood prices. Differences in these effects are linked to differing national policy mixes and energy-carrier portfolios - an example being the relative differences in the importance of peat to the energy mix in Finland and Sweden. Analysis and comparison of the effects in the selected countries can yield insight on how to improve the design of policy interventions that impact biomass use. This study confirms the importance of identifying interactions between policy instruments so as to recognise - and manage - synergies and conflicts. The development of more synergistic and coordinated policy instrument mixes would also be beneficial for the bioenergy field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-127
Number of pages11
JournalBiomass and Bioenergy
Volume38
Issue numberMarch
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2012
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

environmental markets
emissions trading
environmental policy
Biomass
climate
biomass
Finland
Sweden
bioenergy
energy policy
Peat
Energy policy
energy
policy instrument
policy
peat
Wood
effect
industry
resource

Keywords

  • Biomass
  • Climate policy
  • Emissions trading
  • Policy instrument
  • Policy interaction

Cite this

Kautto, N. ; Arasto, A. ; Sijm, J. ; Peck, P. / Interaction of the EU ETS and national climate policy instruments - Impact on biomass use. In: Biomass and Bioenergy. 2012 ; Vol. 38, No. March. pp. 117-127.
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Interaction of the EU ETS and national climate policy instruments - Impact on biomass use. / Kautto, N.; Arasto, A.; Sijm, J.; Peck, P.

In: Biomass and Bioenergy, Vol. 38, No. March, 01.03.2012, p. 117-127.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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