Involving the end-users in the development of language learning material

Anu Seisto, Maija Federley, Timo Kuula, J. Paavilainen, S. Vihavainen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    5 Citations (Scopus)


    Printed and digital learning materials are usually developed separately. Therefore, little notice has been given to the possibilities of combining the two. This study introduces a new concept that combines printed and digital materials. A user-centric approach was chosen to develop a “hybrid book”, a combination of a traditional schoolbook and a mobile phone. Learning materials were combined into one entity by enabling access to the digital material through images in the book. The user groups of interest were 11- and 12-year-old pupils, their teachers, and parents. The concept was tested with materials for English as a foreign language (EFL). After a human-centred design process, the final application was given to one class for actual use and evaluation for a period of three weeks. Many potential benefits of using mobile phones for learning purposes were recognized, as they facilitated utilization of the digital content both inside and outside the classroom.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)43-56
    Number of pages14
    JournalInternational Journal of Mobile and Blended Learning
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2011
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • English as a Foreign Language (EFL)
    • Hybrid Book
    • Language Learning
    • Mobile Devices
    • Mobile Learning
    • User Experience


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