A major enhancement of grease and water vapor barrier properties was accomplished with a 1-10 g/m2 coating of O-acetyl galactoglucomannan (GGM) ester or with GGM coatings applied as water dispersions on cartonboard. GGMs were esterified with phthalic and benzoic anhydrides, respectively. The novel phthalic esters of GGM (GGM-Ph) were characterized with HPLC, NMR, and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization with mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). The degree of substitution of GGM-Ph was obtained by 1H NMR, 13C NMR, and HPLC. The GGM esters and GGM were coated onto cartonboard, and they demonstrated good moisture and very good grease resistance even with thin 1-3 g/m2 coatings. The time for penetration of 0.1 % rapeseed oil was 54 h with the 2.4 g/m2 coating thickness. The lowest water vapor transmission value was 39 g/m2/24 h with 9.7 g/m2 coating. The GGM esters had clearly higher water resistance and slightly higher grease barrier values than native GGM. High-molar-mass-based GGM (50 kg/mol) and GGM-Ph rendered better water vapor and grease barrier properties than low-molar-mass GGM (9 kg/mol) and GGM-Ph. The GGM-based coatings can be safely used on an industrial scale as water was used as a solvent. As obtained from non-food-based side-stream wood-based resources, GGM and GGM esters project a sustainable and modern conception for barrier purposes in food packaging.
- hemicellulose esters
- grease barrier
- thin coating
Kisonen, V., Xu, C., Bollström, Hartman, J., Rautkoski, H., Nurmi, M., Hemming, J., Eklund, P., & Willför, S. (2014). O-acetyl galactoglucomannan esters for barrier coatings. Cellulose, 21(6), 4497-4509. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-014-0428-7