Ion cyclotron range of frequency mode conversion flow drive in D(3He) plasmas on JET

Y. Lin, P. Mantica, T. Hellsten, V. Kiptily, E. Lerche, M.F.F. Nave, J.E. Rice, D. van Eester, P.C. de Vries, R. Felton, C. Giroud, Tuomas Tala, JET-EFDA contributors

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    16 Citations (Scopus)


    Ion cyclotron range of frequency (ICRF) mode conversion has been shown to drive toroidal flow in JET D(3He) L-mode plasmas: Bt0 = 3.45 T, ne0 ∼ 3 × 1019 m−3, Ip = 2.8 and 1.8 MA, PRF ≤ 3 MW at 33 MHz and −90° phasing. Central toroidal rotation in the counter −Ip direction, with ωϕ0 up to 10 krad s−1 (Vϕ0 ∼ 30 km s−1, central thermal Mach number Mth (0) ∼ 0.07 and Alfvén Mach number MA (0) ∼ 0.003) has been observed. The flow drive effect is sensitive to the 3He concentration and the largest rotation is observed in the range X[3He] = nHe3/ne ∼ 10–17%. The rotation profile is peaked near the magnetic axis, and the central rotation scales with the input RF power. The effective torque density profile from the RF power has been calculated and the total torque is estimated to be as high as 50% of the same power from neutral beam injection, and a factor of 5 larger than the direct momentum injection from the RF waves. RF physics modeling using the TORIC code shows that the interaction between the mode converted ion cyclotron wave and the 3He ions, and associated asymmetry in space and momentum, may be key for flow drive.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number074001
    JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
    Issue number7
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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