Isolation and purification of high-molecular weight hemicelluloses from radiata pine wood chips prior to thermo-mechanical pulp (TMP) production

Petri Widsten (Corresponding Author), Karl Murton, Armin Thumm, James H. Bridson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
35 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

A novel thermo-mechanical pulping (TMP) process has been developed to produce a by-product rich in high-molecular weight (MW) hemicelluloses, a potential raw material for barrier coatings and films. This process uses prehydrolysis to solubilise the hemicelluloses followed by chip compression to separate the soluble material from the wood matrix. The pressate from the chip compression stage was dark-coloured and had a high content of high-MW hemicelluloses and lignin. However, isolating the high-MW material from the pressate directly by ultrafiltration was not feasible because of membrane fouling by dissolved lignin and wood extractives, while coloured impurities are undesirable for many potential applications. To solve these problems the pressate was purified using XAD adsorbent resin to remove low-MW lignin, extractives and colour. Ultrafiltration of the purified pressate yielded lightly coloured high-MW hemicellulose with a low content of lignin and well suited for barrier films and coatings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)338-347
Number of pages10
JournalHolzforschung
Volume77
Issue number5
Early online date14 Mar 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • hemicellulose
  • purification
  • thermo-mechanical pulping
  • ultrafiltration
  • XAD resin

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