It's Indisputable: Five Facts about Planning and Operating Modern Power Systems

Aaron Bloom, Udi Helman, Hannele Holttinen, Kate Summers, Jordan Bakke, Gregory Brinkman, Anthony Lopez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


An indisputable fact cannot be rebutted. It is supported by theory and experience. Over the past 25 years, wind and solar generation has undergone dramatic growth, resulting in a variety of experiences that model the integration of wind and solar into the planning and operation of modern electric power systems. In this article, we bring together examples from Europe, North America, and Australia to identify five indisputable facts about planning and operating modern power systems. Taken together, we hope these experiences can help build consensus among the engineering and public policy communities about the current state of wind and solar integration and also facilitate conversations about evolving future challenges.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8070499
Pages (from-to)22-30
JournalIEEE Power and Energy Magazine
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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