JET intrinsic rotation studies in plasmas with a high normalized beta and varying toroidal field ripple

M. F.F. Nave, L. G. Eriksson, C. Giroud, T. J. Johnson, K. Kirov, M. L. Mayoral, J. M. Noterdaeme, J. Ongena, G. Saibene, R. Sartori, F. Rimini, T. Tala, P. De Vries, K. D. Zastrow

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Understanding the origin of rotation in ion cyclotron resonance frequency (ICRF) heated plasmas is important for predictions for burning plasmas sustained by alpha particles, being characterized by a large population of fast ions and no external momentum input. The angular velocity of the plasma column has been measured in JET H-mode plasmas with pure ICRF heating both for the standard low toroidal magnetic ripple configuration, of about ~0.08% and, for increased ripple values up to 1.5% (Nave et al 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 105005). These new JET rotation data were compared with the multi-machine scaling of Rice et al (2007 Nucl. Fusion 47 1618) for the Alfvén–Mach number and with the scaling for the velocity change from L-mode into H-mode. The JET data do not fit well any of these scalings that were derived for plasmas that are co-rotating with respect to the plasma current. With the standard low ripple configuration, JET plasmas with large ICRF heating power and normalized beta, βN ≈ 1.3, have a very small co-current rotation, with Alfvén–Mach numbers significantly below those given by the rotation scaling of Rice et al (2007 Nucl. Fusion 47 1618). In some cases the plasmas are actually counter-rotating. No significant difference between the H-mode and L-mode rotation is observed. Typically the H-mode velocities near the edge are lower than those in L-modes. With ripple values larger than the standard JET value, between 1% and 1.5%, H-mode plasmas were obtained where both the edge and the core counter-rotated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number074006
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2012
MoE publication typeNot Eligible


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