Landfill fires in Finland

Matti Ettala, Päivi Rahkonen, Esko Rossi, Johan Mangs, Olavi Keski-Rahkonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

On average, there were 633 sanitary landfills in operation in 1990–92 in Finland. Annually, 380 landfill fires occurred, one-quarter of which were deep fires. The total amount of waste burnt in landfill fires was estimated to be 84,000 tonnes year−1. Unsufficient covering and compacting, ash disposal and deliberate fire starting were reported to be the most typical reasons for waste ignition. The most severe deep fires lasted for 2 months. A 10 m high, 35,000 m3large experimental bank of waste was built, instrumented and set on fire from a 7 m deep well located at the centre of the area. Wood was burnt in this ignition well to produce glowing embers, which were covered with waste and soil layers. No spread of fire was detected after covering the ignition well. However, the fire was not extinguished by covering but remained smouldering throughout the experiment. To extinguish the fire, it was necessary to dig up the smouldering fire and cool it.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)377-384
Number of pages8
JournalWaste Management and Research
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Land fill
Fires
Ignition
Ashes
Waste disposal
Wood
Soils

Cite this

Ettala, M., Rahkonen, P., Rossi, E., Mangs, J., & Keski-Rahkonen, O. (1996). Landfill fires in Finland. Waste Management and Research, 14(4), 377-384. https://doi.org/10.1006/wmre.1996.0038
Ettala, Matti ; Rahkonen, Päivi ; Rossi, Esko ; Mangs, Johan ; Keski-Rahkonen, Olavi. / Landfill fires in Finland. In: Waste Management and Research. 1996 ; Vol. 14, No. 4. pp. 377-384.
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Ettala, M, Rahkonen, P, Rossi, E, Mangs, J & Keski-Rahkonen, O 1996, 'Landfill fires in Finland', Waste Management and Research, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 377-384. https://doi.org/10.1006/wmre.1996.0038

Landfill fires in Finland. / Ettala, Matti; Rahkonen, Päivi; Rossi, Esko; Mangs, Johan; Keski-Rahkonen, Olavi.

In: Waste Management and Research, Vol. 14, No. 4, 1996, p. 377-384.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Ettala, Matti

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AU - Keski-Rahkonen, Olavi

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AB - On average, there were 633 sanitary landfills in operation in 1990–92 in Finland. Annually, 380 landfill fires occurred, one-quarter of which were deep fires. The total amount of waste burnt in landfill fires was estimated to be 84,000 tonnes year−1. Unsufficient covering and compacting, ash disposal and deliberate fire starting were reported to be the most typical reasons for waste ignition. The most severe deep fires lasted for 2 months. A 10 m high, 35,000 m3large experimental bank of waste was built, instrumented and set on fire from a 7 m deep well located at the centre of the area. Wood was burnt in this ignition well to produce glowing embers, which were covered with waste and soil layers. No spread of fire was detected after covering the ignition well. However, the fire was not extinguished by covering but remained smouldering throughout the experiment. To extinguish the fire, it was necessary to dig up the smouldering fire and cool it.

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Ettala M, Rahkonen P, Rossi E, Mangs J, Keski-Rahkonen O. Landfill fires in Finland. Waste Management and Research. 1996;14(4):377-384. https://doi.org/10.1006/wmre.1996.0038