Laser ablation of thin tungsten layers deposited on carbon substrate

P. Paris (Corresponding Author), M. Aints, M. Laan, M. Kiisk, Jari Likonen, J. Kolehmainen, S. Tervakangas

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    12 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The aim of the present study was to develop in situ control methods for erosion of layers and deposition on the main wall of a fusion reactor. For this purposes laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) was applied to specially manufactured samples with coatings of known thickness and composition in vacuum. The whole laser induced spectrum in range 200–850 nm was recorded for every laser shot. Our results demonstrated that the equipment used has sufficient sensitivity for recording of the spectrum during a single laser shot. The diagnostic lines most suitable for characterization of layers were determined. Tungsten layer on carbon substrate is detectable and its ablation rate is 0.5–1 μm per laser pulse. From the recorded spectra it is possible to estimate tungsten coating thickness, but for a complex coating where tungsten layer was covered with diamond-like carbon (DLC), tungsten was spectroscopically not detectable. Additional information about charge concentration and movement is possible to obtain by measuring the current pulses in the sample circuit.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1465-1467
    Number of pages3
    JournalFusion Engineering and Design
    Volume84
    Issue number7-11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
    Event25th Symposium on Fusion Technology, SOFT-25 - Rostock, Germany
    Duration: 15 Sep 200819 Sep 2008

    Fingerprint

    Laser ablation
    Tungsten
    Carbon
    Substrates
    Coatings
    Lasers
    Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy
    Fusion reactors
    Ablation
    Erosion
    Laser pulses
    Diamonds
    Vacuum
    Networks (circuits)
    Chemical analysis

    Keywords

    • LIBS
    • Laser ablation
    • Plasma facing materials
    • Diagnostics
    • Tungsten coating
    • Erosion and deposition

    Cite this

    Paris, P., Aints, M., Laan, M., Kiisk, M., Likonen, J., Kolehmainen, J., & Tervakangas, S. (2009). Laser ablation of thin tungsten layers deposited on carbon substrate. Fusion Engineering and Design, 84(7-11), 1465-1467. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2009.01.033
    Paris, P. ; Aints, M. ; Laan, M. ; Kiisk, M. ; Likonen, Jari ; Kolehmainen, J. ; Tervakangas, S. / Laser ablation of thin tungsten layers deposited on carbon substrate. In: Fusion Engineering and Design. 2009 ; Vol. 84, No. 7-11. pp. 1465-1467.
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    abstract = "The aim of the present study was to develop in situ control methods for erosion of layers and deposition on the main wall of a fusion reactor. For this purposes laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) was applied to specially manufactured samples with coatings of known thickness and composition in vacuum. The whole laser induced spectrum in range 200–850 nm was recorded for every laser shot. Our results demonstrated that the equipment used has sufficient sensitivity for recording of the spectrum during a single laser shot. The diagnostic lines most suitable for characterization of layers were determined. Tungsten layer on carbon substrate is detectable and its ablation rate is 0.5–1 μm per laser pulse. From the recorded spectra it is possible to estimate tungsten coating thickness, but for a complex coating where tungsten layer was covered with diamond-like carbon (DLC), tungsten was spectroscopically not detectable. Additional information about charge concentration and movement is possible to obtain by measuring the current pulses in the sample circuit.",
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    Paris, P, Aints, M, Laan, M, Kiisk, M, Likonen, J, Kolehmainen, J & Tervakangas, S 2009, 'Laser ablation of thin tungsten layers deposited on carbon substrate', Fusion Engineering and Design, vol. 84, no. 7-11, pp. 1465-1467. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2009.01.033

    Laser ablation of thin tungsten layers deposited on carbon substrate. / Paris, P. (Corresponding Author); Aints, M.; Laan, M.; Kiisk, M.; Likonen, Jari; Kolehmainen, J.; Tervakangas, S.

    In: Fusion Engineering and Design, Vol. 84, No. 7-11, 2009, p. 1465-1467.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    AU - Paris, P.

    AU - Aints, M.

    AU - Laan, M.

    AU - Kiisk, M.

    AU - Likonen, Jari

    AU - Kolehmainen, J.

    AU - Tervakangas, S.

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    AB - The aim of the present study was to develop in situ control methods for erosion of layers and deposition on the main wall of a fusion reactor. For this purposes laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) was applied to specially manufactured samples with coatings of known thickness and composition in vacuum. The whole laser induced spectrum in range 200–850 nm was recorded for every laser shot. Our results demonstrated that the equipment used has sufficient sensitivity for recording of the spectrum during a single laser shot. The diagnostic lines most suitable for characterization of layers were determined. Tungsten layer on carbon substrate is detectable and its ablation rate is 0.5–1 μm per laser pulse. From the recorded spectra it is possible to estimate tungsten coating thickness, but for a complex coating where tungsten layer was covered with diamond-like carbon (DLC), tungsten was spectroscopically not detectable. Additional information about charge concentration and movement is possible to obtain by measuring the current pulses in the sample circuit.

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    KW - Plasma facing materials

    KW - Diagnostics

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    KW - Erosion and deposition

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