Laser cladding using scanning optics

Joonas Pekkarinen, Veli Kujanpää, Antti Salminen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Laser cladding using scanning optics is a relatively little studied matter. Scanning optics makes the adjustment of laser beam interaction zone numerically possible and it is, therefore, a more flexible optical tool than the conventional static optics. A series of cladding test were conducted using a 5 kW fiber laser and an oscillating linear scanner with dynamic powder feeding to determine the process characteristics and their possibilities and limitations. This study was carried out using 316L powder as an additive material and S355 mild steel plate as a substrate material. It was noticed that by using scanning optics, it is possible to vary the width and thickness of clad beads on a large scale. With scanning optics, it is possible to affect clad bead geometry so that only a 20% overlapping ratio is used. However, certain cladding parameter combinations expose the clad bead to cladding defects. Also, a fast moving scanned laser beam causes a wave formation to the melt pool which further causes stirring in the melt pool. Another studied matter was the effect of the cladding speed to dilution in laser cladding with scanning optics. The dilution was increased with increase in the cladding speed. However, the increase of the dilution was dependent on the scanning amplitude.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Laser Applications
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Laser cladding
Optics
optics
Scanning
scanning
Dilution
lasers
beads
dilution
Powders
Laser beams
laser beams
beam interactions
Fiber lasers
causes
stirring
Carbon steel
scanners
fiber lasers
adjusting

Keywords

  • laser cladding
  • scanning optics
  • oscillating scanner

Cite this

Pekkarinen, J., Kujanpää, V., & Salminen, A. (2012). Laser cladding using scanning optics. Journal of Laser Applications, 24(5). https://doi.org/10.2351/1.4742938
Pekkarinen, Joonas ; Kujanpää, Veli ; Salminen, Antti. / Laser cladding using scanning optics. In: Journal of Laser Applications. 2012 ; Vol. 24, No. 5.
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Pekkarinen, J, Kujanpää, V & Salminen, A 2012, 'Laser cladding using scanning optics', Journal of Laser Applications, vol. 24, no. 5. https://doi.org/10.2351/1.4742938

Laser cladding using scanning optics. / Pekkarinen, Joonas; Kujanpää, Veli; Salminen, Antti.

In: Journal of Laser Applications, Vol. 24, No. 5, 2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Pekkarinen, Joonas

AU - Kujanpää, Veli

AU - Salminen, Antti

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AB - Laser cladding using scanning optics is a relatively little studied matter. Scanning optics makes the adjustment of laser beam interaction zone numerically possible and it is, therefore, a more flexible optical tool than the conventional static optics. A series of cladding test were conducted using a 5 kW fiber laser and an oscillating linear scanner with dynamic powder feeding to determine the process characteristics and their possibilities and limitations. This study was carried out using 316L powder as an additive material and S355 mild steel plate as a substrate material. It was noticed that by using scanning optics, it is possible to vary the width and thickness of clad beads on a large scale. With scanning optics, it is possible to affect clad bead geometry so that only a 20% overlapping ratio is used. However, certain cladding parameter combinations expose the clad bead to cladding defects. Also, a fast moving scanned laser beam causes a wave formation to the melt pool which further causes stirring in the melt pool. Another studied matter was the effect of the cladding speed to dilution in laser cladding with scanning optics. The dilution was increased with increase in the cladding speed. However, the increase of the dilution was dependent on the scanning amplitude.

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