Laser cladding using scanning optics

Joonas Pekkarinen, Veli Kujanpää, Antti Salminen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Laser cladding using scanning optics is a relatively little studied matter. Scanning optics makes the adjustment of laser beam interaction zone numerically possible and it is, therefore, a more flexible optical tool than the conventional static optics. A series of cladding test were conducted using a 5 kW fiber laser and an oscillating linear scanner with dynamic powder feeding to determine the process characteristics and their possibilities and limitations. This study was carried out using 316L powder as an additive material and S355 mild steel plate as a substrate material. It was noticed that by using scanning optics, it is possible to vary the width and thickness of clad beads on a large scale. With scanning optics, it is possible to affect clad bead geometry so that only a 20% overlapping ratio is used. However, certain cladding parameter combinations expose the clad bead to cladding defects. Also, a fast moving scanned laser beam causes a wave formation to the melt pool which further causes stirring in the melt pool. Another studied matter was the effect of the cladding speed to dilution in laser cladding with scanning optics. The dilution was increased with increase in the cladding speed. However, the increase of the dilution was dependent on the scanning amplitude.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Laser Applications
    Volume24
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Laser cladding
    Optics
    optics
    Scanning
    scanning
    Dilution
    lasers
    beads
    dilution
    Powders
    Laser beams
    laser beams
    beam interactions
    Fiber lasers
    causes
    stirring
    Carbon steel
    scanners
    fiber lasers
    adjusting

    Keywords

    • laser cladding
    • scanning optics
    • oscillating scanner

    Cite this

    Pekkarinen, J., Kujanpää, V., & Salminen, A. (2012). Laser cladding using scanning optics. Journal of Laser Applications, 24(5). https://doi.org/10.2351/1.4742938
    Pekkarinen, Joonas ; Kujanpää, Veli ; Salminen, Antti. / Laser cladding using scanning optics. In: Journal of Laser Applications. 2012 ; Vol. 24, No. 5.
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    Pekkarinen, J, Kujanpää, V & Salminen, A 2012, 'Laser cladding using scanning optics', Journal of Laser Applications, vol. 24, no. 5. https://doi.org/10.2351/1.4742938

    Laser cladding using scanning optics. / Pekkarinen, Joonas; Kujanpää, Veli; Salminen, Antti.

    In: Journal of Laser Applications, Vol. 24, No. 5, 2012.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    AU - Salminen, Antti

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    N2 - Laser cladding using scanning optics is a relatively little studied matter. Scanning optics makes the adjustment of laser beam interaction zone numerically possible and it is, therefore, a more flexible optical tool than the conventional static optics. A series of cladding test were conducted using a 5 kW fiber laser and an oscillating linear scanner with dynamic powder feeding to determine the process characteristics and their possibilities and limitations. This study was carried out using 316L powder as an additive material and S355 mild steel plate as a substrate material. It was noticed that by using scanning optics, it is possible to vary the width and thickness of clad beads on a large scale. With scanning optics, it is possible to affect clad bead geometry so that only a 20% overlapping ratio is used. However, certain cladding parameter combinations expose the clad bead to cladding defects. Also, a fast moving scanned laser beam causes a wave formation to the melt pool which further causes stirring in the melt pool. Another studied matter was the effect of the cladding speed to dilution in laser cladding with scanning optics. The dilution was increased with increase in the cladding speed. However, the increase of the dilution was dependent on the scanning amplitude.

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