Laser Spectroscopy for Monitoring of Radiocarbon in Atmospheric Samples

Guillaume Genoud, Johannes Lehmuskoski, Steven Bell, Vesa Palonen, Markku Oinonen, Mari Leena Koskinen-Soivi, Matti Reinikainen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

In-situ monitoring of radiocarbon emissions is challenging due to the lack of a suitable method for sensitive online detection of this isotope. Here we report on a complete system for automatized continuous on-site monitoring of radiocarbon gaseous emissions from nuclear facilities. By combining radiocarbon detection using mid-infrared cavity ring-down spectroscopy and an advanced sampling system, an elevated amount of radiocarbon in an atmospheric-like gas matrix was detected. Radiocarbon was detected in the form of 14CO2 after extraction of the carbon dioxide from the air sample. The system is also able to discriminate between radiocarbon in organic or inorganic molecular form by converting 14CH4 into 14CO2. This work lays the groundwork for further use of this technology in nuclear facilities for online on-site monitoring of radioactive gaseous emissions as well as future work on in-situ monitoring of atmospheric radiocarbon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12315-12320
Number of pages6
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume91
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Laser spectroscopy
Monitoring
Gas emissions
Carbon Dioxide
Isotopes
Gases
Spectroscopy
Sampling
Infrared radiation
Air

Cite this

Genoud, Guillaume ; Lehmuskoski, Johannes ; Bell, Steven ; Palonen, Vesa ; Oinonen, Markku ; Koskinen-Soivi, Mari Leena ; Reinikainen, Matti. / Laser Spectroscopy for Monitoring of Radiocarbon in Atmospheric Samples. In: Analytical Chemistry. 2019 ; Vol. 91, No. 19. pp. 12315-12320.
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abstract = "In-situ monitoring of radiocarbon emissions is challenging due to the lack of a suitable method for sensitive online detection of this isotope. Here we report on a complete system for automatized continuous on-site monitoring of radiocarbon gaseous emissions from nuclear facilities. By combining radiocarbon detection using mid-infrared cavity ring-down spectroscopy and an advanced sampling system, an elevated amount of radiocarbon in an atmospheric-like gas matrix was detected. Radiocarbon was detected in the form of 14CO2 after extraction of the carbon dioxide from the air sample. The system is also able to discriminate between radiocarbon in organic or inorganic molecular form by converting 14CH4 into 14CO2. This work lays the groundwork for further use of this technology in nuclear facilities for online on-site monitoring of radioactive gaseous emissions as well as future work on in-situ monitoring of atmospheric radiocarbon.",
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Laser Spectroscopy for Monitoring of Radiocarbon in Atmospheric Samples. / Genoud, Guillaume; Lehmuskoski, Johannes; Bell, Steven; Palonen, Vesa; Oinonen, Markku; Koskinen-Soivi, Mari Leena; Reinikainen, Matti.

In: Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 91, No. 19, 01.10.2019, p. 12315-12320.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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