Laser welding parameters effects on austenitic stainless steels welds microstructure

J. Pekkarinen, Veli Kujanpää

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study is focused to determine empirically, which microstructural changes occur in austenitic stainless steels when heat input is controlled by welding parameters. Test welds were done bead-on-plate without shielding gas using 5 kW fiber laser. In this study austenitic stainless steels used were 1.4372 (AISI 201), 1.4404 (AISI 316L) and 1.4547 (high-alloyed 6% Mo). Two of these steels, 1.4372 and 1.4404, solidify usually as primary ferritic mode and 1.4547 solidifies as primary austenitic mode. As generally known, the microstructural properties austenitic stainless steels welds are dependent on solidification mode.
In this study it was noticed that the welding speed affects austenitic stainless steels welds microstructure. In 1.4372 and 1.4404 steels solidification mode was changed to wards primary austenitic solidification mode when welding speed was increased caused by increase in weld solidification growth rate and cooling rate. For 1.4547 steel changes in microstructure were mostly concerned on micro segregation of molybdenum. It was noticed that micro segregation of molybdenum decreased when welding speed increased caused by finer microstructure.
In practice, chances in solidification mode effect on filled wire selection. When high welding speeds are used filled wire is desirable choose so that weld solidifies as primary ferritic mode. In that way chance of hot crack formation decreases significantly. Decrease of micro segregation at high welding speeds is beneficial because then it is possible to use lower alloyed filled wire than usually and still get sufficient molybdenum concentration through the whole weld.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationICALEO 2010: 29th International Congress on Applications of Lasers and Electro-Optics
Subtitle of host publicationAnaheim, CA, USA, 26-30 Sept. 2010
PublisherLaser Institute of America
Pages676-682
ISBN (Print)978-0-912035-61-1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication

Publication series

Name
Volume103

Fingerprint

Laser beam welding
Austenitic stainless steel
Welding
Welds
Solidification
Microstructure
Molybdenum
Wire
Steel
Fiber lasers
Crack initiation
Shielding
Cooling
Gases

Cite this

Pekkarinen, J., & Kujanpää, V. (2010). Laser welding parameters effects on austenitic stainless steels welds microstructure. In ICALEO 2010: 29th International Congress on Applications of Lasers and Electro-Optics: Anaheim, CA, USA, 26-30 Sept. 2010 (pp. 676-682). Laser Institute of America. https://doi.org/10.2351/1.5062098
Pekkarinen, J. ; Kujanpää, Veli. / Laser welding parameters effects on austenitic stainless steels welds microstructure. ICALEO 2010: 29th International Congress on Applications of Lasers and Electro-Optics: Anaheim, CA, USA, 26-30 Sept. 2010. Laser Institute of America, 2010. pp. 676-682
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Pekkarinen, J & Kujanpää, V 2010, Laser welding parameters effects on austenitic stainless steels welds microstructure. in ICALEO 2010: 29th International Congress on Applications of Lasers and Electro-Optics: Anaheim, CA, USA, 26-30 Sept. 2010. Laser Institute of America, pp. 676-682. https://doi.org/10.2351/1.5062098

Laser welding parameters effects on austenitic stainless steels welds microstructure. / Pekkarinen, J.; Kujanpää, Veli.

ICALEO 2010: 29th International Congress on Applications of Lasers and Electro-Optics: Anaheim, CA, USA, 26-30 Sept. 2010. Laser Institute of America, 2010. p. 676-682.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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AB - This study is focused to determine empirically, which microstructural changes occur in austenitic stainless steels when heat input is controlled by welding parameters. Test welds were done bead-on-plate without shielding gas using 5 kW fiber laser. In this study austenitic stainless steels used were 1.4372 (AISI 201), 1.4404 (AISI 316L) and 1.4547 (high-alloyed 6% Mo). Two of these steels, 1.4372 and 1.4404, solidify usually as primary ferritic mode and 1.4547 solidifies as primary austenitic mode. As generally known, the microstructural properties austenitic stainless steels welds are dependent on solidification mode.In this study it was noticed that the welding speed affects austenitic stainless steels welds microstructure. In 1.4372 and 1.4404 steels solidification mode was changed to wards primary austenitic solidification mode when welding speed was increased caused by increase in weld solidification growth rate and cooling rate. For 1.4547 steel changes in microstructure were mostly concerned on micro segregation of molybdenum. It was noticed that micro segregation of molybdenum decreased when welding speed increased caused by finer microstructure.In practice, chances in solidification mode effect on filled wire selection. When high welding speeds are used filled wire is desirable choose so that weld solidifies as primary ferritic mode. In that way chance of hot crack formation decreases significantly. Decrease of micro segregation at high welding speeds is beneficial because then it is possible to use lower alloyed filled wire than usually and still get sufficient molybdenum concentration through the whole weld.

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M3 - Conference article in proceedings

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BT - ICALEO 2010: 29th International Congress on Applications of Lasers and Electro-Optics

PB - Laser Institute of America

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Pekkarinen J, Kujanpää V. Laser welding parameters effects on austenitic stainless steels welds microstructure. In ICALEO 2010: 29th International Congress on Applications of Lasers and Electro-Optics: Anaheim, CA, USA, 26-30 Sept. 2010. Laser Institute of America. 2010. p. 676-682 https://doi.org/10.2351/1.5062098