Life cycle inventory analysis program for road construction

Paula Eskola, Ulla-Maija Mroueh, Jutta Laine-Ylijoki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The Finnish LCA-database and inventory analysis program for road construction was developed as a part of the Technology Development Centre's (Tekes) Environmental Geotechnology Programme.In the first stage of the study a life-cycle impact assessment procedure for the comparison and evaluation of alternative road and earth constructions was proposed.Additionally, a database containing the environmental burdens of the most significant construction materials and unit operations and the information required for the calculation of the data was constructed.In order to evaluate the applicability of the methodology the use of coal ash, crushed concrete waste and granulated blast-furnace slag was compared with the use of natural materials in corresponding applications.All the work stages from material production to road management as well as the materials most commonly used in the structural courses of road constructions are covered in the analyses.The environmental loadings dealt with have been limited to those assessed as being the most important.During the later phase of the work a practical calculation model based on the developed methodology and existing data was formulated.The data obtained in the first stage was also augmented to the extent necessary for this purpose.For example, leaching tests of natural aggregates were performed. The Excel-based life cycle inventory analysis program created is suitable for the routine calculation of the environmental loadings of the most common road constructions and for their comparison.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Conference on Practical Applications in Environmental Geotechnology
Subtitle of host publicationECOGEO 2000
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Pages19-26
ISBN (Electronic)951-38-5702-6
ISBN (Print)951-38-5701-8
Publication statusPublished - 2000
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Conference on Practical Applications in Environmental Geotechnology: ECOGEO 2000 - Helsinki, Finland
Duration: 4 Sep 20006 Sep 2000

Publication series

SeriesVTT Symposium
Number204
ISSN0357-9387

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference on Practical Applications in Environmental Geotechnology
Abbreviated titleECOGEO 2000
CountryFinland
CityHelsinki
Period4/09/006/09/00

Fingerprint

road construction
life cycle
road
methodology
technological development
slag
ash
leaching
coal
analysis programme
calculation
comparison
material

Cite this

Eskola, P., Mroueh, U-M., & Laine-Ylijoki, J. (2000). Life cycle inventory analysis program for road construction. In International Conference on Practical Applications in Environmental Geotechnology: ECOGEO 2000 (pp. 19-26). Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Symposium, No. 204
Eskola, Paula ; Mroueh, Ulla-Maija ; Laine-Ylijoki, Jutta. / Life cycle inventory analysis program for road construction. International Conference on Practical Applications in Environmental Geotechnology: ECOGEO 2000. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2000. pp. 19-26 (VTT Symposium; No. 204).
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abstract = "The Finnish LCA-database and inventory analysis program for road construction was developed as a part of the Technology Development Centre's (Tekes) Environmental Geotechnology Programme.In the first stage of the study a life-cycle impact assessment procedure for the comparison and evaluation of alternative road and earth constructions was proposed.Additionally, a database containing the environmental burdens of the most significant construction materials and unit operations and the information required for the calculation of the data was constructed.In order to evaluate the applicability of the methodology the use of coal ash, crushed concrete waste and granulated blast-furnace slag was compared with the use of natural materials in corresponding applications.All the work stages from material production to road management as well as the materials most commonly used in the structural courses of road constructions are covered in the analyses.The environmental loadings dealt with have been limited to those assessed as being the most important.During the later phase of the work a practical calculation model based on the developed methodology and existing data was formulated.The data obtained in the first stage was also augmented to the extent necessary for this purpose.For example, leaching tests of natural aggregates were performed. The Excel-based life cycle inventory analysis program created is suitable for the routine calculation of the environmental loadings of the most common road constructions and for their comparison.",
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Eskola, P, Mroueh, U-M & Laine-Ylijoki, J 2000, Life cycle inventory analysis program for road construction. in International Conference on Practical Applications in Environmental Geotechnology: ECOGEO 2000. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Symposium, no. 204, pp. 19-26, International Conference on Practical Applications in Environmental Geotechnology, Helsinki, Finland, 4/09/00.

Life cycle inventory analysis program for road construction. / Eskola, Paula; Mroueh, Ulla-Maija; Laine-Ylijoki, Jutta.

International Conference on Practical Applications in Environmental Geotechnology: ECOGEO 2000. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2000. p. 19-26 (VTT Symposium; No. 204).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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AU - Mroueh, Ulla-Maija

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N2 - The Finnish LCA-database and inventory analysis program for road construction was developed as a part of the Technology Development Centre's (Tekes) Environmental Geotechnology Programme.In the first stage of the study a life-cycle impact assessment procedure for the comparison and evaluation of alternative road and earth constructions was proposed.Additionally, a database containing the environmental burdens of the most significant construction materials and unit operations and the information required for the calculation of the data was constructed.In order to evaluate the applicability of the methodology the use of coal ash, crushed concrete waste and granulated blast-furnace slag was compared with the use of natural materials in corresponding applications.All the work stages from material production to road management as well as the materials most commonly used in the structural courses of road constructions are covered in the analyses.The environmental loadings dealt with have been limited to those assessed as being the most important.During the later phase of the work a practical calculation model based on the developed methodology and existing data was formulated.The data obtained in the first stage was also augmented to the extent necessary for this purpose.For example, leaching tests of natural aggregates were performed. The Excel-based life cycle inventory analysis program created is suitable for the routine calculation of the environmental loadings of the most common road constructions and for their comparison.

AB - The Finnish LCA-database and inventory analysis program for road construction was developed as a part of the Technology Development Centre's (Tekes) Environmental Geotechnology Programme.In the first stage of the study a life-cycle impact assessment procedure for the comparison and evaluation of alternative road and earth constructions was proposed.Additionally, a database containing the environmental burdens of the most significant construction materials and unit operations and the information required for the calculation of the data was constructed.In order to evaluate the applicability of the methodology the use of coal ash, crushed concrete waste and granulated blast-furnace slag was compared with the use of natural materials in corresponding applications.All the work stages from material production to road management as well as the materials most commonly used in the structural courses of road constructions are covered in the analyses.The environmental loadings dealt with have been limited to those assessed as being the most important.During the later phase of the work a practical calculation model based on the developed methodology and existing data was formulated.The data obtained in the first stage was also augmented to the extent necessary for this purpose.For example, leaching tests of natural aggregates were performed. The Excel-based life cycle inventory analysis program created is suitable for the routine calculation of the environmental loadings of the most common road constructions and for their comparison.

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

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Eskola P, Mroueh U-M, Laine-Ylijoki J. Life cycle inventory analysis program for road construction. In International Conference on Practical Applications in Environmental Geotechnology: ECOGEO 2000. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2000. p. 19-26. (VTT Symposium; No. 204).