The report was prepared in the Design for Environment of
Work Machines project. The following companies formed the
project management group: Valtra Inc., Timberjack Oy,
Ponsse Oyj, Rautaruukki Oyj, Sandvik Tamrock Corp.,
Kalmar Industries Oy Ab, Oy M-Filter Ab, Junkkari Muovi
Oy and Kuusakoski Oy.
The main objectives of Design for Environment (DFE) are
to reduce negative environmental impacts during a
product's life cycle, to save natural resources and to
cut the amount of non-recyclable non-reusable waste.
Achieving these targets calls for a variety of
development actions which complement each other and cover
the entire life cycle of a product. This report includes
DFE solutions presented in literature and implemented by
the companies taking part in the project.
The project developed the idea of assessing different the
recyclability of different materials during product
design. More advanced knowledge of recyclability was
achieved during the development of recyclability
instructions by examining the most common materials found
in work machines instead of different material groups.
Existing information about the recyclability of materials
was defined e.g. with the companies using scrap as raw
material. Information about the mechanical properties of
materials was included in the instructions in a bid to
improve usability levels.
The findings show that environmental declarations are
little used and differ from each other. Environmental
declarations are based on life cycle assessment and
additional environmental information, which includes e.g.
the amount of recycled material found in a product and
information about poisonous substances such as pesticides
found in textiles. Lately, also work machine
manufacturers have published environmental declarations.
Improving the usability of environmental information
requires establishing comprehensive principles both for
the production and presentation of such information. A
more uniform way of presenting environmental factors also
helps to make company to company questionnaires, e.g.
supplier questionnaires, and to answer them. The need to
present data for life cycle inventory analysis, in line
with life cycle assessment and taking into consideration
the wider environmental impacts, will arise in the near
future. Owing to the particular nature of the method
concerned, it seems likely that life cycle assessment
will continue to be conducted by specialists.
|Place of Publication||Espoo|
|Publisher||VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland|
|Number of pages||32|
|Publication status||Published - 2003|
|MoE publication type||D4 Published development or research report or study|
|Series||VTT Tiedotteita - Research Notes|
- life cycle thinking
- life cycle assessment
- work machines
- environmental impacts
- design for environment