Limitations of current formulations when decreasing the coating layer thickness of papers for inkjet printing

Taina Lamminmäki (Corresponding Author), John Kettle, Hille Rautkoski, Annaleena Kokko, P. Gane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


The porous network structure of a coating layer has a major effect on how quickly inkjet ink penetrates into the coated paper, and how large the pore volume is determines the capacity for ink volume uptake within the coating layer. If the penetration rate and/or pore volume are insufficient, the ink colors stay too long on the surface, resulting in undesirable mixing (intercolor bleeding) and trans-surface wicking (feathering). The aim of this work was to clarify whether it is possible to decrease the coating layer thickness of the specialty inkjet layer and still produce an inkjet printed surface using dye-based inks with low bleeding and, thereby, to define the reasons for limitations with respect to coat weight reduction. The online study of printed figures following printing nozzles on a high-speed inkjet printing press, by means of optical image capture, showed that the tendency for intercolor bleeding depends strongly on the coating layer thickness. As the printing speed increases, the pore network structure of the coating layer becomes increasingly important. The results show that, under the external pressure, aused by the surface tension and impact of the ink droplets themselves, the permeability of the coating layer dominates after at least 4 ms from the time of ink application. The coating pigment selection and the amount of poly(vinyl alcohol) binder did not influence this permeability onset time. Permeability allows the required ink volumes eventually to be absorbed, even if the total porosity of the coating is insufficient at low coat weight.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7251-7263
Number of pages13
JournalIndustrial & Engineering Chemistry Research
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2011
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Thickness
  • absorption
  • porosity
  • coating weight
  • ink penetration
  • polyvinyl alcohol
  • inkjet printing


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