Lipids and fatty acids in plankton from the Finnish coastal waters of the Baltic sea

Jukka Kaitaranta, Reino Linko, Riitta Vuorela

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

1. In the Finnish coastal waters phytoplanktonic diatoms dominate in early summer, changing to zooplanktonic Rotatoria in June and later to Copepoda.

2. The lipid contents in plankton varied from 0.2 to 2.5% wet weight or from 1.9 to 17.0% dry weight, respectively.

3. Triglycerides and polar lipids together dominated in phytoplankton while polar lipids alone were the major lipid in zooplankton. Exceptionally high proportions of free fatty acids existed in most samples whereas wax esters were detected only as minor components.

4. Over two thirds of the fatty acids in phytoplankton were composed of C16 acids, whereas palmitic acid together with polyenoic C20 and C22 acids dominated in zooplankton.

5. Monoenoic C20 and C22 acids, often abundant in copepods, were found only in minor amounts in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)427 - 433
Number of pages7
JournalComparative biochemistry and physiology. B, Comparative biochemistry
Volume85
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1986
MoE publication typeNot Eligible

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Plankton
Seawater
Fatty Acids
Lipids
Phytoplankton
Water
Acids
Zooplankton
Copepoda
Weights and Measures
Diatoms
Palmitic Acid
Waxes
Nonesterified Fatty Acids
Esters
Triglycerides

Cite this

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abstract = "1. In the Finnish coastal waters phytoplanktonic diatoms dominate in early summer, changing to zooplanktonic Rotatoria in June and later to Copepoda.2. The lipid contents in plankton varied from 0.2 to 2.5{\%} wet weight or from 1.9 to 17.0{\%} dry weight, respectively.3. Triglycerides and polar lipids together dominated in phytoplankton while polar lipids alone were the major lipid in zooplankton. Exceptionally high proportions of free fatty acids existed in most samples whereas wax esters were detected only as minor components.4. Over two thirds of the fatty acids in phytoplankton were composed of C16 acids, whereas palmitic acid together with polyenoic C20 and C22 acids dominated in zooplankton.5. Monoenoic C20 and C22 acids, often abundant in copepods, were found only in minor amounts in this study.",
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Lipids and fatty acids in plankton from the Finnish coastal waters of the Baltic sea. / Kaitaranta, Jukka; Linko, Reino; Vuorela, Riitta.

In: Comparative biochemistry and physiology. B, Comparative biochemistry, Vol. 85, No. 2, 1986, p. 427 - 433.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Lipids and fatty acids in plankton from the Finnish coastal waters of the Baltic sea

AU - Kaitaranta, Jukka

AU - Linko, Reino

AU - Vuorela, Riitta

PY - 1986

Y1 - 1986

N2 - 1. In the Finnish coastal waters phytoplanktonic diatoms dominate in early summer, changing to zooplanktonic Rotatoria in June and later to Copepoda.2. The lipid contents in plankton varied from 0.2 to 2.5% wet weight or from 1.9 to 17.0% dry weight, respectively.3. Triglycerides and polar lipids together dominated in phytoplankton while polar lipids alone were the major lipid in zooplankton. Exceptionally high proportions of free fatty acids existed in most samples whereas wax esters were detected only as minor components.4. Over two thirds of the fatty acids in phytoplankton were composed of C16 acids, whereas palmitic acid together with polyenoic C20 and C22 acids dominated in zooplankton.5. Monoenoic C20 and C22 acids, often abundant in copepods, were found only in minor amounts in this study.

AB - 1. In the Finnish coastal waters phytoplanktonic diatoms dominate in early summer, changing to zooplanktonic Rotatoria in June and later to Copepoda.2. The lipid contents in plankton varied from 0.2 to 2.5% wet weight or from 1.9 to 17.0% dry weight, respectively.3. Triglycerides and polar lipids together dominated in phytoplankton while polar lipids alone were the major lipid in zooplankton. Exceptionally high proportions of free fatty acids existed in most samples whereas wax esters were detected only as minor components.4. Over two thirds of the fatty acids in phytoplankton were composed of C16 acids, whereas palmitic acid together with polyenoic C20 and C22 acids dominated in zooplankton.5. Monoenoic C20 and C22 acids, often abundant in copepods, were found only in minor amounts in this study.

U2 - 10.1016/0305-0491(86)90023-4

DO - 10.1016/0305-0491(86)90023-4

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JO - Comparative biochemistry and physiology. B, Comparative biochemistry

JF - Comparative biochemistry and physiology. B, Comparative biochemistry

SN - 0305-0491

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