Liquid organic hydrogen carriers for transportation and storing of renewable energy: Review and discussion

Päivi T. Aakko-Saksa (Corresponding Author), Chris Cook, Jari Kiviaho, Timo Repo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Transition to renewable energy systems is essential to achieve the climate change mitigation targets. However, the timing and the regions of the production and consumption of the renewable energy do not always match, and different energy storage technologies are needed to secure the uninterrupted energy supply. Liquid organic hydrogen carriers (LOHCs) offer a flexible media for the storage and transportation of renewable energy. These “liquid hydrogen batteries” are reversibly hydrogenated and dehydrogenated using catalysts at elevated temperatures. Commercial LOHC concepts are already available. Another flexible route to store energy is through “circular” hydrogen carriers, such as methanol and methane produced from atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2). These fuels have a long history as fossil fuels. In this review, the chemistry and state-of-the-art of LOHCs are explored and discussed against defined criteria with comparison made to existing energy storage systems. The LOHCs and “circular” hydrogen carriers were found to be particularly promising hydrogen storage systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)803-823
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume396
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

organic liquids
renewable energy
Hydrogen
Liquids
hydrogen
energy storage
Energy storage
fossil fuels
liquid hydrogen
Methane
Hydrogen storage
climate change
Fossil fuels
Carbon Dioxide
Climate change
Methanol
electric batteries
carbon dioxide
Carbon dioxide
methane

Keywords

  • Dibenzyl toluene
  • Energy storage
  • Hydrogen
  • Liquid organic hydrogen carriers
  • Methanol

Cite this

@article{8f8052597b114aecb2a47fac32637335,
title = "Liquid organic hydrogen carriers for transportation and storing of renewable energy: Review and discussion",
abstract = "Transition to renewable energy systems is essential to achieve the climate change mitigation targets. However, the timing and the regions of the production and consumption of the renewable energy do not always match, and different energy storage technologies are needed to secure the uninterrupted energy supply. Liquid organic hydrogen carriers (LOHCs) offer a flexible media for the storage and transportation of renewable energy. These “liquid hydrogen batteries” are reversibly hydrogenated and dehydrogenated using catalysts at elevated temperatures. Commercial LOHC concepts are already available. Another flexible route to store energy is through “circular” hydrogen carriers, such as methanol and methane produced from atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2). These fuels have a long history as fossil fuels. In this review, the chemistry and state-of-the-art of LOHCs are explored and discussed against defined criteria with comparison made to existing energy storage systems. The LOHCs and “circular” hydrogen carriers were found to be particularly promising hydrogen storage systems.",
keywords = "Dibenzyl toluene, Energy storage, Hydrogen, Liquid organic hydrogen carriers, Methanol",
author = "Aakko-Saksa, {P{\"a}ivi T.} and Chris Cook and Jari Kiviaho and Timo Repo",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
day = "31",
doi = "10.1016/j.jpowsour.2018.04.011",
language = "English",
volume = "396",
pages = "803--823",
journal = "Journal of Power Sources",
issn = "0378-7753",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Liquid organic hydrogen carriers for transportation and storing of renewable energy : Review and discussion. / Aakko-Saksa, Päivi T. (Corresponding Author); Cook, Chris; Kiviaho, Jari; Repo, Timo.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 396, 31.08.2018, p. 803-823.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Liquid organic hydrogen carriers for transportation and storing of renewable energy

T2 - Review and discussion

AU - Aakko-Saksa, Päivi T.

AU - Cook, Chris

AU - Kiviaho, Jari

AU - Repo, Timo

PY - 2018/8/31

Y1 - 2018/8/31

N2 - Transition to renewable energy systems is essential to achieve the climate change mitigation targets. However, the timing and the regions of the production and consumption of the renewable energy do not always match, and different energy storage technologies are needed to secure the uninterrupted energy supply. Liquid organic hydrogen carriers (LOHCs) offer a flexible media for the storage and transportation of renewable energy. These “liquid hydrogen batteries” are reversibly hydrogenated and dehydrogenated using catalysts at elevated temperatures. Commercial LOHC concepts are already available. Another flexible route to store energy is through “circular” hydrogen carriers, such as methanol and methane produced from atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2). These fuels have a long history as fossil fuels. In this review, the chemistry and state-of-the-art of LOHCs are explored and discussed against defined criteria with comparison made to existing energy storage systems. The LOHCs and “circular” hydrogen carriers were found to be particularly promising hydrogen storage systems.

AB - Transition to renewable energy systems is essential to achieve the climate change mitigation targets. However, the timing and the regions of the production and consumption of the renewable energy do not always match, and different energy storage technologies are needed to secure the uninterrupted energy supply. Liquid organic hydrogen carriers (LOHCs) offer a flexible media for the storage and transportation of renewable energy. These “liquid hydrogen batteries” are reversibly hydrogenated and dehydrogenated using catalysts at elevated temperatures. Commercial LOHC concepts are already available. Another flexible route to store energy is through “circular” hydrogen carriers, such as methanol and methane produced from atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2). These fuels have a long history as fossil fuels. In this review, the chemistry and state-of-the-art of LOHCs are explored and discussed against defined criteria with comparison made to existing energy storage systems. The LOHCs and “circular” hydrogen carriers were found to be particularly promising hydrogen storage systems.

KW - Dibenzyl toluene

KW - Energy storage

KW - Hydrogen

KW - Liquid organic hydrogen carriers

KW - Methanol

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85049502313&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2018.04.011

DO - 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2018.04.011

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85049502313

VL - 396

SP - 803

EP - 823

JO - Journal of Power Sources

JF - Journal of Power Sources

SN - 0378-7753

ER -