Liquid Phase Furfural Hydrotreatment to 2-Methylfuran with Carbon Supported Copper, Nickel, and Iron Catalysts

Salla K. Jaatinen, Reetta S. Karinen, Juha S. Lehtonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study inexpensive, non-toxic, and noble metal free mono- and bimetallic catalysts on activated carbon were tested in liquid phase catalytic furfural hydrotreatment to a potential biofuel component 2-methylfuran. High yields of 2-methylfuran were achieved in the study, the highest yield was achieved with 10 wt-% Ni/C (48.9%) in 120 minutes and good results were obtained also with bimetallic 2/2 wt-% CuNi/C and CuFe/C (yield 44.2 and 41.0%, respectively). These high yields were achieved applying significantly shorter reaction time (60 – 120 min) compared to many published studies. The activity of nickel catalysts was very high resulting eventually in further hydrogenation of 2-methylfuran. With increasing nickel loading also ring-opening and decarbonylation reactions were promoted. Addition of iron to nickel was beneficial for decreasing decarbonylation and other side reactions. Copper/nickel and copper/iron combinations were observed to have beneficial interaction as activity and selectivity to MF increased significantly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-60
Number of pages10
JournalChemistrySelect
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Furaldehyde
Nickel
Copper
Carbon
Iron
Catalysts
Liquids
Biofuels
Precious metals
Activated carbon
Hydrogenation
2-methylfuran

Keywords

  • 2-methyfuran
  • Biofuel
  • carbon
  • furfural
  • hydrotreatment

Cite this

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title = "Liquid Phase Furfural Hydrotreatment to 2-Methylfuran with Carbon Supported Copper, Nickel, and Iron Catalysts",
abstract = "In this study inexpensive, non-toxic, and noble metal free mono- and bimetallic catalysts on activated carbon were tested in liquid phase catalytic furfural hydrotreatment to a potential biofuel component 2-methylfuran. High yields of 2-methylfuran were achieved in the study, the highest yield was achieved with 10 wt-{\%} Ni/C (48.9{\%}) in 120 minutes and good results were obtained also with bimetallic 2/2 wt-{\%} CuNi/C and CuFe/C (yield 44.2 and 41.0{\%}, respectively). These high yields were achieved applying significantly shorter reaction time (60 – 120 min) compared to many published studies. The activity of nickel catalysts was very high resulting eventually in further hydrogenation of 2-methylfuran. With increasing nickel loading also ring-opening and decarbonylation reactions were promoted. Addition of iron to nickel was beneficial for decreasing decarbonylation and other side reactions. Copper/nickel and copper/iron combinations were observed to have beneficial interaction as activity and selectivity to MF increased significantly.",
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Liquid Phase Furfural Hydrotreatment to 2-Methylfuran with Carbon Supported Copper, Nickel, and Iron Catalysts. / Jaatinen, Salla K.; Karinen, Reetta S.; Lehtonen, Juha S.

In: ChemistrySelect, Vol. 2, No. 1, 01.01.2017, p. 51-60.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Karinen, Reetta S.

AU - Lehtonen, Juha S.

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