Lithium Recovery by Precipitation from Impure Solutions – Lithium Ion Battery Waste

Bing Han, Antti Porvali, Mari Lundström, Marjatta Louhi-Kultanen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hydrochloric acid (HCl) leaching solutions were investigated with the aim of recovering the lithium present in industrial battery waste. The lithium-rich solution after HCl leaching of battery waste contains major impurities such as iron, nickel, cobalt, manganese, aluminum, and copper. This composition was used as a model system to prepare a synthetic solution for lithium recovery by precipitation. The precipitation results indicated that the feeding rate of carbonate and stirring rate had an effect on particle size distribution. Uniform particles were obtained with a semi-batch process. A faster carbonate feeding rate can result in a smaller particle size due to the high supersaturation degree and chemical reaction rates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1205-1210
Number of pages6
JournalChemical Engineering and Technology
Volume41
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Lithium battery waste
  • Lithium carbonate
  • Lithium recovery
  • Precipitation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Lithium Recovery by Precipitation from Impure Solutions – Lithium Ion Battery Waste'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this