Local ventilation for powder handling: Combination of local supply and exhaust air

Kimmo Heinonen, Ilpo Kulmala, Arto Säämänen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The performance of a modified local ventilation unit equipped with local supply and exhaust ventilation was evaluated during the manual handling of flour additive powder. The investigation tested 5 different configurations to study the effects of the exhaust opening location and local supply air on worker exposure. The measurements were done under controlled conditions in a test room. The breathing zone (BZ) dust concentration was measured by gravimetric sampling and real time monitoring. The different local ventilation configurations were also modeled numerically using computational fluid dynamics. Without local ventilation the average BZ dust concentration was 42 mg/m super3. With local exhaust only the exposure was reduced below 1 mg/m super3. The addition of local supply air further reduced the exposure to below 0.5 mg/m super3. The lowest results were achieved by locating 2 exhaust openings on either side of the contaminant source combined with local supply air.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)356-364
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Industrial Hygiene Association Journal
Volume57
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1996
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Powders
Ventilation
Air
Dust
Respiration
Flour
Hydrodynamics

Cite this

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title = "Local ventilation for powder handling: Combination of local supply and exhaust air",
abstract = "The performance of a modified local ventilation unit equipped with local supply and exhaust ventilation was evaluated during the manual handling of flour additive powder. The investigation tested 5 different configurations to study the effects of the exhaust opening location and local supply air on worker exposure. The measurements were done under controlled conditions in a test room. The breathing zone (BZ) dust concentration was measured by gravimetric sampling and real time monitoring. The different local ventilation configurations were also modeled numerically using computational fluid dynamics. Without local ventilation the average BZ dust concentration was 42 mg/m super3. With local exhaust only the exposure was reduced below 1 mg/m super3. The addition of local supply air further reduced the exposure to below 0.5 mg/m super3. The lowest results were achieved by locating 2 exhaust openings on either side of the contaminant source combined with local supply air.",
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Local ventilation for powder handling : Combination of local supply and exhaust air. / Heinonen, Kimmo; Kulmala, Ilpo; Säämänen, Arto.

In: American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Vol. 57, No. 4, 1996, p. 356-364.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Kulmala, Ilpo

AU - Säämänen, Arto

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AB - The performance of a modified local ventilation unit equipped with local supply and exhaust ventilation was evaluated during the manual handling of flour additive powder. The investigation tested 5 different configurations to study the effects of the exhaust opening location and local supply air on worker exposure. The measurements were done under controlled conditions in a test room. The breathing zone (BZ) dust concentration was measured by gravimetric sampling and real time monitoring. The different local ventilation configurations were also modeled numerically using computational fluid dynamics. Without local ventilation the average BZ dust concentration was 42 mg/m super3. With local exhaust only the exposure was reduced below 1 mg/m super3. The addition of local supply air further reduced the exposure to below 0.5 mg/m super3. The lowest results were achieved by locating 2 exhaust openings on either side of the contaminant source combined with local supply air.

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