Metsähakkeen autokuljetuksen logistiikka

PUUT20

Translated title of the contribution: Logistics of long-distance truck transportation of forest chips

Tapio Ranta, Petri Hakonen, Pertti Frilander, Antti Asikainen, Mikko Lehikoinen, Kari Väätäinen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Abstract

The objective of the project was to develop the long-distance transportation of forest chips by means of better transport economy and control of logistics activities. Different loading methods were tested to make the load sufficiently compact and to intensify the use of load space of the chip trucks. The usability of mobile positioning devices was tested in the operational environment of forest chips procurement. The arrivals and inbound logistics activities of power plant were modeled by aid of simulation model to estimate the queuing time of chip trucks with alternative course of action. According to the follow-up study of chip trucks and simulation of receiving activities substantial developing potential was found to decrease the terminal times of trucks both in loading stage at forest terminal and unloading stage at power plant receiving area. By trucks with interchangeable containers terminal times can be decreased by developing the logistics of production chain for example by means of the pilot production control system evaluated in the project or by dimensioning the capacity of whole chain to match better for prevailing operational environment. With shorter distances the number of containers or the trailer size can be designed for smaller volume whereas with longer distances the transport economy will be emphasized. The capacity of weight limited the load size except for summer period alongside with dry forest chips. Instead of maximize the load volume, more essential will be to decrease the unloaded weight and effectiveness of loading and unloading stage. Loading method, where belt conveyor was equipped with mechanical ejector, compressed the load some 15% compared with blowing device. The energy consumption was also essentially lower. The pilot-period of production control system showed that the mobile positioning devices and digital maps will improve the planning and control activities of forest chip production. When the procurement amounts of forest chips will increase, the advantage of utilization of such systems will be greater.
Original languageFinnish
Title of host publicationPuuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosikirja 2002
Subtitle of host publicationPuuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosiseminaari
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Pages119-133
ISBN (Electronic)951-38-5733-6
ISBN (Print)951-38-5732-8
Publication statusPublished - 2002
MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
EventPuuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosiseminaari - Joensuu, Finland
Duration: 18 Sep 200219 Sep 2002

Publication series

NameVTT Symposium
PublisherVTT
Number221
ISSN (Print)0357-9387
ISSN (Electronic)1455-0873

Seminar

SeminarPuuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosiseminaari
CountryFinland
CityJoensuu
Period18/09/0219/09/02

Fingerprint

Truck transportation
Trucks
Logistics
Production control
Unloading
Containers
Power plants
Control systems
Light trailers
Blow molding
Energy utilization
Planning

Cite this

Ranta, T., Hakonen, P., Frilander, P., Asikainen, A., Lehikoinen, M., & Väätäinen, K. (2002). Metsähakkeen autokuljetuksen logistiikka: PUUT20. In Puuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosikirja 2002: Puuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosiseminaari (pp. 119-133). Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Symposium, No. 221
Ranta, Tapio ; Hakonen, Petri ; Frilander, Pertti ; Asikainen, Antti ; Lehikoinen, Mikko ; Väätäinen, Kari. / Metsähakkeen autokuljetuksen logistiikka : PUUT20. Puuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosikirja 2002: Puuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosiseminaari. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2002. pp. 119-133 (VTT Symposium; No. 221).
@inproceedings{bdebbddb10e846e6b46ab938553c81ed,
title = "Mets{\"a}hakkeen autokuljetuksen logistiikka: PUUT20",
abstract = "The objective of the project was to develop the long-distance transportation of forest chips by means of better transport economy and control of logistics activities. Different loading methods were tested to make the load sufficiently compact and to intensify the use of load space of the chip trucks. The usability of mobile positioning devices was tested in the operational environment of forest chips procurement. The arrivals and inbound logistics activities of power plant were modeled by aid of simulation model to estimate the queuing time of chip trucks with alternative course of action. According to the follow-up study of chip trucks and simulation of receiving activities substantial developing potential was found to decrease the terminal times of trucks both in loading stage at forest terminal and unloading stage at power plant receiving area. By trucks with interchangeable containers terminal times can be decreased by developing the logistics of production chain for example by means of the pilot production control system evaluated in the project or by dimensioning the capacity of whole chain to match better for prevailing operational environment. With shorter distances the number of containers or the trailer size can be designed for smaller volume whereas with longer distances the transport economy will be emphasized. The capacity of weight limited the load size except for summer period alongside with dry forest chips. Instead of maximize the load volume, more essential will be to decrease the unloaded weight and effectiveness of loading and unloading stage. Loading method, where belt conveyor was equipped with mechanical ejector, compressed the load some 15{\%} compared with blowing device. The energy consumption was also essentially lower. The pilot-period of production control system showed that the mobile positioning devices and digital maps will improve the planning and control activities of forest chip production. When the procurement amounts of forest chips will increase, the advantage of utilization of such systems will be greater.",
author = "Tapio Ranta and Petri Hakonen and Pertti Frilander and Antti Asikainen and Mikko Lehikoinen and Kari V{\"a}{\"a}t{\"a}inen",
year = "2002",
language = "Finnish",
isbn = "951-38-5732-8",
series = "VTT Symposium",
publisher = "VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland",
number = "221",
pages = "119--133",
booktitle = "Puuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosikirja 2002",
address = "Finland",

}

Ranta, T, Hakonen, P, Frilander, P, Asikainen, A, Lehikoinen, M & Väätäinen, K 2002, Metsähakkeen autokuljetuksen logistiikka: PUUT20. in Puuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosikirja 2002: Puuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosiseminaari. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Symposium, no. 221, pp. 119-133, Puuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosiseminaari, Joensuu, Finland, 18/09/02.

Metsähakkeen autokuljetuksen logistiikka : PUUT20. / Ranta, Tapio; Hakonen, Petri; Frilander, Pertti; Asikainen, Antti; Lehikoinen, Mikko; Väätäinen, Kari.

Puuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosikirja 2002: Puuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosiseminaari. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2002. p. 119-133 (VTT Symposium; No. 221).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

TY - GEN

T1 - Metsähakkeen autokuljetuksen logistiikka

T2 - PUUT20

AU - Ranta, Tapio

AU - Hakonen, Petri

AU - Frilander, Pertti

AU - Asikainen, Antti

AU - Lehikoinen, Mikko

AU - Väätäinen, Kari

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - The objective of the project was to develop the long-distance transportation of forest chips by means of better transport economy and control of logistics activities. Different loading methods were tested to make the load sufficiently compact and to intensify the use of load space of the chip trucks. The usability of mobile positioning devices was tested in the operational environment of forest chips procurement. The arrivals and inbound logistics activities of power plant were modeled by aid of simulation model to estimate the queuing time of chip trucks with alternative course of action. According to the follow-up study of chip trucks and simulation of receiving activities substantial developing potential was found to decrease the terminal times of trucks both in loading stage at forest terminal and unloading stage at power plant receiving area. By trucks with interchangeable containers terminal times can be decreased by developing the logistics of production chain for example by means of the pilot production control system evaluated in the project or by dimensioning the capacity of whole chain to match better for prevailing operational environment. With shorter distances the number of containers or the trailer size can be designed for smaller volume whereas with longer distances the transport economy will be emphasized. The capacity of weight limited the load size except for summer period alongside with dry forest chips. Instead of maximize the load volume, more essential will be to decrease the unloaded weight and effectiveness of loading and unloading stage. Loading method, where belt conveyor was equipped with mechanical ejector, compressed the load some 15% compared with blowing device. The energy consumption was also essentially lower. The pilot-period of production control system showed that the mobile positioning devices and digital maps will improve the planning and control activities of forest chip production. When the procurement amounts of forest chips will increase, the advantage of utilization of such systems will be greater.

AB - The objective of the project was to develop the long-distance transportation of forest chips by means of better transport economy and control of logistics activities. Different loading methods were tested to make the load sufficiently compact and to intensify the use of load space of the chip trucks. The usability of mobile positioning devices was tested in the operational environment of forest chips procurement. The arrivals and inbound logistics activities of power plant were modeled by aid of simulation model to estimate the queuing time of chip trucks with alternative course of action. According to the follow-up study of chip trucks and simulation of receiving activities substantial developing potential was found to decrease the terminal times of trucks both in loading stage at forest terminal and unloading stage at power plant receiving area. By trucks with interchangeable containers terminal times can be decreased by developing the logistics of production chain for example by means of the pilot production control system evaluated in the project or by dimensioning the capacity of whole chain to match better for prevailing operational environment. With shorter distances the number of containers or the trailer size can be designed for smaller volume whereas with longer distances the transport economy will be emphasized. The capacity of weight limited the load size except for summer period alongside with dry forest chips. Instead of maximize the load volume, more essential will be to decrease the unloaded weight and effectiveness of loading and unloading stage. Loading method, where belt conveyor was equipped with mechanical ejector, compressed the load some 15% compared with blowing device. The energy consumption was also essentially lower. The pilot-period of production control system showed that the mobile positioning devices and digital maps will improve the planning and control activities of forest chip production. When the procurement amounts of forest chips will increase, the advantage of utilization of such systems will be greater.

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

SN - 951-38-5732-8

T3 - VTT Symposium

SP - 119

EP - 133

BT - Puuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosikirja 2002

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Ranta T, Hakonen P, Frilander P, Asikainen A, Lehikoinen M, Väätäinen K. Metsähakkeen autokuljetuksen logistiikka: PUUT20. In Puuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosikirja 2002: Puuenergian teknologiaohjelman vuosiseminaari. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2002. p. 119-133. (VTT Symposium; No. 221).