Long-life fatigue design of GRP 500 nodular cast iron components

Gary Marquis, Jussi Solin

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A project on Spheroidal Cast Iron in Long-Life Design was realised in 1997 to 1999. The goal was to gain understanding of the fatigue mechanisms and obtain high cycle design information on GRP500 nodular cast iron under both constant amplitude and variable amplitude loading. All the targets set at the beginning of the project have been achieved with the resources allocated. Several small but technically significant tasks have been added along the course of the project. In total 332 fatigue tests, tension tests and extensive NDE studies on GRP 500 iron have been performed. The total number of fatigue cycles applied exceeded 3*109 cycles of which the majority were of variable amplitude such as may occur in rotating or reciprocating machines. Empirical rules have been developed to predict the constant amplitude S-N curves for nodular iron in the range of 1*104 to 1*106 cycles to failure and for mean stresses in the range of 0 to 260 MPa. A new design tool for nodular cast irons has been proposed and verified for the two iron grades studied in this project. This design tool takes the form of the widely used Haigh diagram but takes into account material tensile strength, stress ratio, stress state (torsion or uniaxial) and specimen size effects. Cycles as small as 60% of the constant amplitude fatigue limit were found to cause significant damage when as few as 1 of 300 000 cycles exceeds the fatigue limit. Miner's sums as low as 0.0001 produced fatigue failures. Similar measurements were made for both smooth and notched specimens.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Number of pages76
    ISBN (Electronic)951-38-5919-3
    ISBN (Print)951-38-5918-5
    Publication statusPublished - 2000
    MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes
    Number2043
    ISSN1235-0605

    Fingerprint

    Nodular iron
    Fatigue of materials
    Iron
    Miners
    Cast iron
    Torsional stress
    Tensile strength

    Keywords

    • fatigue life
    • cast iron
    • service life
    • durability
    • mechanical properties
    • nodular cast iron
    • design
    • fatigue strength at N cycles
    • GRP 500

    Cite this

    Marquis, G., & Solin, J. (2000). Long-life fatigue design of GRP 500 nodular cast iron components. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, No. 2043
    Marquis, Gary ; Solin, Jussi. / Long-life fatigue design of GRP 500 nodular cast iron components. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2000. 76 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2043).
    @book{9088f897412a44a1ab4448326c7190e8,
    title = "Long-life fatigue design of GRP 500 nodular cast iron components",
    abstract = "A project on Spheroidal Cast Iron in Long-Life Design was realised in 1997 to 1999. The goal was to gain understanding of the fatigue mechanisms and obtain high cycle design information on GRP500 nodular cast iron under both constant amplitude and variable amplitude loading. All the targets set at the beginning of the project have been achieved with the resources allocated. Several small but technically significant tasks have been added along the course of the project. In total 332 fatigue tests, tension tests and extensive NDE studies on GRP 500 iron have been performed. The total number of fatigue cycles applied exceeded 3*109 cycles of which the majority were of variable amplitude such as may occur in rotating or reciprocating machines. Empirical rules have been developed to predict the constant amplitude S-N curves for nodular iron in the range of 1*104 to 1*106 cycles to failure and for mean stresses in the range of 0 to 260 MPa. A new design tool for nodular cast irons has been proposed and verified for the two iron grades studied in this project. This design tool takes the form of the widely used Haigh diagram but takes into account material tensile strength, stress ratio, stress state (torsion or uniaxial) and specimen size effects. Cycles as small as 60{\%} of the constant amplitude fatigue limit were found to cause significant damage when as few as 1 of 300 000 cycles exceeds the fatigue limit. Miner's sums as low as 0.0001 produced fatigue failures. Similar measurements were made for both smooth and notched specimens.",
    keywords = "fatigue life, cast iron, service life, durability, mechanical properties, nodular cast iron, design, fatigue strength at N cycles, GRP 500",
    author = "Gary Marquis and Jussi Solin",
    year = "2000",
    language = "English",
    isbn = "951-38-5918-5",
    series = "VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes",
    publisher = "VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland",
    number = "2043",
    address = "Finland",

    }

    Marquis, G & Solin, J 2000, Long-life fatigue design of GRP 500 nodular cast iron components. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, no. 2043, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

    Long-life fatigue design of GRP 500 nodular cast iron components. / Marquis, Gary; Solin, Jussi.

    Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2000. 76 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2043).

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    TY - BOOK

    T1 - Long-life fatigue design of GRP 500 nodular cast iron components

    AU - Marquis, Gary

    AU - Solin, Jussi

    PY - 2000

    Y1 - 2000

    N2 - A project on Spheroidal Cast Iron in Long-Life Design was realised in 1997 to 1999. The goal was to gain understanding of the fatigue mechanisms and obtain high cycle design information on GRP500 nodular cast iron under both constant amplitude and variable amplitude loading. All the targets set at the beginning of the project have been achieved with the resources allocated. Several small but technically significant tasks have been added along the course of the project. In total 332 fatigue tests, tension tests and extensive NDE studies on GRP 500 iron have been performed. The total number of fatigue cycles applied exceeded 3*109 cycles of which the majority were of variable amplitude such as may occur in rotating or reciprocating machines. Empirical rules have been developed to predict the constant amplitude S-N curves for nodular iron in the range of 1*104 to 1*106 cycles to failure and for mean stresses in the range of 0 to 260 MPa. A new design tool for nodular cast irons has been proposed and verified for the two iron grades studied in this project. This design tool takes the form of the widely used Haigh diagram but takes into account material tensile strength, stress ratio, stress state (torsion or uniaxial) and specimen size effects. Cycles as small as 60% of the constant amplitude fatigue limit were found to cause significant damage when as few as 1 of 300 000 cycles exceeds the fatigue limit. Miner's sums as low as 0.0001 produced fatigue failures. Similar measurements were made for both smooth and notched specimens.

    AB - A project on Spheroidal Cast Iron in Long-Life Design was realised in 1997 to 1999. The goal was to gain understanding of the fatigue mechanisms and obtain high cycle design information on GRP500 nodular cast iron under both constant amplitude and variable amplitude loading. All the targets set at the beginning of the project have been achieved with the resources allocated. Several small but technically significant tasks have been added along the course of the project. In total 332 fatigue tests, tension tests and extensive NDE studies on GRP 500 iron have been performed. The total number of fatigue cycles applied exceeded 3*109 cycles of which the majority were of variable amplitude such as may occur in rotating or reciprocating machines. Empirical rules have been developed to predict the constant amplitude S-N curves for nodular iron in the range of 1*104 to 1*106 cycles to failure and for mean stresses in the range of 0 to 260 MPa. A new design tool for nodular cast irons has been proposed and verified for the two iron grades studied in this project. This design tool takes the form of the widely used Haigh diagram but takes into account material tensile strength, stress ratio, stress state (torsion or uniaxial) and specimen size effects. Cycles as small as 60% of the constant amplitude fatigue limit were found to cause significant damage when as few as 1 of 300 000 cycles exceeds the fatigue limit. Miner's sums as low as 0.0001 produced fatigue failures. Similar measurements were made for both smooth and notched specimens.

    KW - fatigue life

    KW - cast iron

    KW - service life

    KW - durability

    KW - mechanical properties

    KW - nodular cast iron

    KW - design

    KW - fatigue strength at N cycles

    KW - GRP 500

    M3 - Report

    SN - 951-38-5918-5

    T3 - VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes

    BT - Long-life fatigue design of GRP 500 nodular cast iron components

    PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

    CY - Espoo

    ER -

    Marquis G, Solin J. Long-life fatigue design of GRP 500 nodular cast iron components. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2000. 76 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2043).