Lot A2 test, THC modelling of the bentonite buffer

Aku Itälä (Corresponding Author), Markus Olin, Jarmo Lehikoinen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Finnish spent nuclear fuel is planned to be disposed of deep in the crystalline bedrock of the Olkiluoto island. In such a repository, the role of the bentonite buffer is considered to be central. The initially unsaturated bentonite emplaced around a spent-fuel canister will become fully saturated by the groundwater from the host rock. In order to assess the long-term safety of a deep repository, it is essential to determine how temperature influences the chemical stability of bentonite. The aim of this study was to achieve an improved understanding of the factors governing the thermo-hydro-chemical evolution of the bentonite buffer subject to heat generation from the disposed fuel and in contact with a highly permeable rock fracture intersecting a canister deposition hole.

    TOUGHREACT was used to model a test known as the long-term test of buffer material adverse-2, which was conducted at the Äspö hard rock laboratory in Sweden. The results on the evolution of cation-exchange equilibria, bentonite porewater chemistry, mineralogy, and saturation of the buffer are presented and discussed. The calculated model results show similarity to the experimental results. In particular, the spatial differences in the saturation and porewater chemistry of the bentonite buffer were clearly visible in the model.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1830-1837
    Number of pages8
    JournalPhysics and Chemistry of the Earth
    Volume36
    Issue number17-18
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    thermohaline circulation
    Bentonite
    bentonite
    Dronabinol
    Buffers
    buffers
    cans
    modeling
    spent fuels
    Spent fuels
    Rocks
    saturation (chemistry)
    rocks
    repository
    porewater
    saturation
    chemistry
    Mineralogy
    Sweden
    nuclear fuels

    Keywords

    • THC
    • modelling
    • cation exchange
    • nuclear waste
    • heat transport
    • bentonite

    Cite this

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    title = "Lot A2 test, THC modelling of the bentonite buffer",
    abstract = "Finnish spent nuclear fuel is planned to be disposed of deep in the crystalline bedrock of the Olkiluoto island. In such a repository, the role of the bentonite buffer is considered to be central. The initially unsaturated bentonite emplaced around a spent-fuel canister will become fully saturated by the groundwater from the host rock. In order to assess the long-term safety of a deep repository, it is essential to determine how temperature influences the chemical stability of bentonite. The aim of this study was to achieve an improved understanding of the factors governing the thermo-hydro-chemical evolution of the bentonite buffer subject to heat generation from the disposed fuel and in contact with a highly permeable rock fracture intersecting a canister deposition hole.TOUGHREACT was used to model a test known as the long-term test of buffer material adverse-2, which was conducted at the {\"A}sp{\"o} hard rock laboratory in Sweden. The results on the evolution of cation-exchange equilibria, bentonite porewater chemistry, mineralogy, and saturation of the buffer are presented and discussed. The calculated model results show similarity to the experimental results. In particular, the spatial differences in the saturation and porewater chemistry of the bentonite buffer were clearly visible in the model.",
    keywords = "THC, modelling, cation exchange, nuclear waste, heat transport, bentonite",
    author = "Aku It{\"a}l{\"a} and Markus Olin and Jarmo Lehikoinen",
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    language = "English",
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    Lot A2 test, THC modelling of the bentonite buffer. / Itälä, Aku (Corresponding Author); Olin, Markus; Lehikoinen, Jarmo.

    In: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Vol. 36, No. 17-18, 2011, p. 1830-1837.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    T1 - Lot A2 test, THC modelling of the bentonite buffer

    AU - Itälä, Aku

    AU - Olin, Markus

    AU - Lehikoinen, Jarmo

    N1 - Project code: 73699 -BOA2011/KYT2014

    PY - 2011

    Y1 - 2011

    N2 - Finnish spent nuclear fuel is planned to be disposed of deep in the crystalline bedrock of the Olkiluoto island. In such a repository, the role of the bentonite buffer is considered to be central. The initially unsaturated bentonite emplaced around a spent-fuel canister will become fully saturated by the groundwater from the host rock. In order to assess the long-term safety of a deep repository, it is essential to determine how temperature influences the chemical stability of bentonite. The aim of this study was to achieve an improved understanding of the factors governing the thermo-hydro-chemical evolution of the bentonite buffer subject to heat generation from the disposed fuel and in contact with a highly permeable rock fracture intersecting a canister deposition hole.TOUGHREACT was used to model a test known as the long-term test of buffer material adverse-2, which was conducted at the Äspö hard rock laboratory in Sweden. The results on the evolution of cation-exchange equilibria, bentonite porewater chemistry, mineralogy, and saturation of the buffer are presented and discussed. The calculated model results show similarity to the experimental results. In particular, the spatial differences in the saturation and porewater chemistry of the bentonite buffer were clearly visible in the model.

    AB - Finnish spent nuclear fuel is planned to be disposed of deep in the crystalline bedrock of the Olkiluoto island. In such a repository, the role of the bentonite buffer is considered to be central. The initially unsaturated bentonite emplaced around a spent-fuel canister will become fully saturated by the groundwater from the host rock. In order to assess the long-term safety of a deep repository, it is essential to determine how temperature influences the chemical stability of bentonite. The aim of this study was to achieve an improved understanding of the factors governing the thermo-hydro-chemical evolution of the bentonite buffer subject to heat generation from the disposed fuel and in contact with a highly permeable rock fracture intersecting a canister deposition hole.TOUGHREACT was used to model a test known as the long-term test of buffer material adverse-2, which was conducted at the Äspö hard rock laboratory in Sweden. The results on the evolution of cation-exchange equilibria, bentonite porewater chemistry, mineralogy, and saturation of the buffer are presented and discussed. The calculated model results show similarity to the experimental results. In particular, the spatial differences in the saturation and porewater chemistry of the bentonite buffer were clearly visible in the model.

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