This review is intended as an overview of European and
Finnish targets for greenhouse gas emissions from
transport and logistics as well as the performed and
proposed measures for achieving these targets with the
use of intelligent transport systems (ITS).
The review presents the relevant greenhouse gas emission
targets and provides examples of performed ITS-based
measures tackling the issue along with their estimated
impacts. Proposed solutions and the estimates of their
effect are also provided.
It was found that the impacts of different solutions are
evaluated by expert estimates or models and only rarely
directly measured. The reason for the use of estimates is
mainly the difficulty of differentiating one source from
an overall change in emissions.
The impact of ITS usually comes from increased usage of
public transportation (decreased use of private
vehicles), reduced congestion (improved traffic flow and
alternative routing), and improved eco-driving (automatic
solutions or informing based on analysis, such as speed
The influence of ITS is, typically, realized more from
being an enhancing tool rather than a complete solution.
The use of ITS does help in reducing emissions. However,
other measures, such as technological advances in fuel
efficiency, alternative energy, regulatory and financial
guidance and more well-planned land use, may be more
direct and powerful. Combining ITS and ICT with the
aforementioned alternatives is recommended.
|Place of Publication||Espoo|
|Publisher||VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland|
|Number of pages||44|
|ISBN (Electronic)||978-951-38-7855-9 |
|Publication status||Published - 2012|
|MoE publication type||Not Eligible|
- greenhouse gas emissions