Low-cost, fast, miniaturised solutions for water quality assessment

Liisa Hakola, Harry Boer, Leena Hakalahti, antero Jokinen, Christina Liedert, Riku Rikkola, Thea Sipiläinen-Malm, Maria Smolander, Heini Virtanen, Nissanka Wickremasinghe, S. Känä, J. Jokela, K. Sivonen, A. Ylinen

    Research output: Book/ReportReport


    The main goal of Waterchip project was to explore the potential of mass-manufacturing technologies in environmental applications. More precisely the technological aim was to develop novel, low-cost, miniaturised and fast test concepts for water quality assessment by combining printing, hot embossing and injection moulding as manufacturing methods with biological and chemical detection of certain impurities and pollutants from water. In the project 5 monitoring concepts were developed and tested for water quality analysis: 1) Immunochemical test for toxins produced by cyanobacteria, 2) Chemical and molecular test for odorous compounds of cyanobacteria, 3) Electrochemical biosensor based on DNA, 4) Chemical test for phenolic compounds based on visual detection and 5) Enzymatic detection of phenolic compounds. Concepts 1) and 4) resulted in evaluated mass-manufacturable proof-of-concept demonstrator.
    Original languageEnglish
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Number of pages65
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Research Report


    • water
    • cyanobacteria
    • phenol
    • enzymes
    • hot embossing
    • printing
    • injection moulding


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