Low-error and broadband microwave frequency measurement in a silicon chip

Mattia Pagani, Blair Morrison, Yanbing Zhang, Alvaro Casas-Bedoya, Timo Aalto, Mikko Harjanne, Markku Kapulainen, Benjamin J. Eggleton, David Marpaung (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Instantaneous frequency measurement (IFM) of microwave signals is a fundamental functionality for applications ranging from electronic warfare to biomedical technology. Photonic techniques, and nonlinear optical interactions in particular, have the potential to broaden the frequency measurement range beyond the limits of electronic IFM systems. The key lies in efficiently harnessing optical mixing in an integrated nonlinear platform, with low losses. In this work, we exploit the low loss of a 35 cm long, thick silicon waveguide to efficiently harness Kerr nonlinearity and demonstrate, to the best of our knowledge, the first on-chip four-wave mixing-based IFM system. We achieve a large, 40 GHz measurement bandwidth and a record-low measurement error. Finally, we discuss the future prospect of integrating the whole IFM system on a silicon chip to enable the first reconfigurable, broadband IFM receiver with low latency.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)751-756
JournalOptica
Volume2
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Microwave frequencies
frequency measurement
Silicon
microwave frequencies
chips
broadband
silicon
electronic warfare
harnesses
Electronic warfare
Four wave mixing
four-wave mixing
Measurement errors
Photonics
platforms
receivers
nonlinearity
photonics
Waveguides
waveguides

Cite this

Pagani, M., Morrison, B., Zhang, Y., Casas-Bedoya, A., Aalto, T., Harjanne, M., ... Marpaung, D. (2015). Low-error and broadband microwave frequency measurement in a silicon chip. Optica, 2(8), 751-756. https://doi.org/10.1364/OPTICA.2.000751
Pagani, Mattia ; Morrison, Blair ; Zhang, Yanbing ; Casas-Bedoya, Alvaro ; Aalto, Timo ; Harjanne, Mikko ; Kapulainen, Markku ; Eggleton, Benjamin J. ; Marpaung, David. / Low-error and broadband microwave frequency measurement in a silicon chip. In: Optica. 2015 ; Vol. 2, No. 8. pp. 751-756.
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abstract = "Instantaneous frequency measurement (IFM) of microwave signals is a fundamental functionality for applications ranging from electronic warfare to biomedical technology. Photonic techniques, and nonlinear optical interactions in particular, have the potential to broaden the frequency measurement range beyond the limits of electronic IFM systems. The key lies in efficiently harnessing optical mixing in an integrated nonlinear platform, with low losses. In this work, we exploit the low loss of a 35 cm long, thick silicon waveguide to efficiently harness Kerr nonlinearity and demonstrate, to the best of our knowledge, the first on-chip four-wave mixing-based IFM system. We achieve a large, 40 GHz measurement bandwidth and a record-low measurement error. Finally, we discuss the future prospect of integrating the whole IFM system on a silicon chip to enable the first reconfigurable, broadband IFM receiver with low latency.",
author = "Mattia Pagani and Blair Morrison and Yanbing Zhang and Alvaro Casas-Bedoya and Timo Aalto and Mikko Harjanne and Markku Kapulainen and Eggleton, {Benjamin J.} and David Marpaung",
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Pagani, M, Morrison, B, Zhang, Y, Casas-Bedoya, A, Aalto, T, Harjanne, M, Kapulainen, M, Eggleton, BJ & Marpaung, D 2015, 'Low-error and broadband microwave frequency measurement in a silicon chip', Optica, vol. 2, no. 8, pp. 751-756. https://doi.org/10.1364/OPTICA.2.000751

Low-error and broadband microwave frequency measurement in a silicon chip. / Pagani, Mattia; Morrison, Blair; Zhang, Yanbing; Casas-Bedoya, Alvaro; Aalto, Timo; Harjanne, Mikko; Kapulainen, Markku; Eggleton, Benjamin J.; Marpaung, David (Corresponding Author).

In: Optica, Vol. 2, No. 8, 2015, p. 751-756.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Pagani, Mattia

AU - Morrison, Blair

AU - Zhang, Yanbing

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AU - Harjanne, Mikko

AU - Kapulainen, Markku

AU - Eggleton, Benjamin J.

AU - Marpaung, David

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AB - Instantaneous frequency measurement (IFM) of microwave signals is a fundamental functionality for applications ranging from electronic warfare to biomedical technology. Photonic techniques, and nonlinear optical interactions in particular, have the potential to broaden the frequency measurement range beyond the limits of electronic IFM systems. The key lies in efficiently harnessing optical mixing in an integrated nonlinear platform, with low losses. In this work, we exploit the low loss of a 35 cm long, thick silicon waveguide to efficiently harness Kerr nonlinearity and demonstrate, to the best of our knowledge, the first on-chip four-wave mixing-based IFM system. We achieve a large, 40 GHz measurement bandwidth and a record-low measurement error. Finally, we discuss the future prospect of integrating the whole IFM system on a silicon chip to enable the first reconfigurable, broadband IFM receiver with low latency.

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