Amorphous Co1-xGdx powders with x = 0.10, 0.15, 0.20 and 0.25 were prepared by mechanically alloying mixtures of elemental cobalt and gadolinium powders in a laboratory high-energy ball mill. The alloys crystallize above 500°C. The magnetic properties of the amorphous powders were measured in toroidal samples made by cold pressing the powders. For x ⩽ 0.15, amorphous Co-Gd is ferromagnetic at all temperatures. In amorphous Co75 Gd25, the net magnetic moment has a minimum near the compensation temperature Tcom = 50°C, at which the cobalt and gadolinium spins align in opposite directions. The low-temperature magnetic moment of this alloy suggests that, on cooling, it forms a spin glass with a freezing temperature of 60K.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Philosophical Magazine B: Physics of Condensed Matter; Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Properties|
|Publication status||Published - 1994|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
Ruuskanen, P., Schwarz, B., & Thompson, J. (1994). Magnetic amorphous Co-Cd powders prepared by mechanical alloying. Philosophical Magazine B: Physics of Condensed Matter; Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Properties, 69(1), 47-56. https://doi.org/10.1080/13642819408236878