Magnetization reversal measurements of size-selected iron oxide particles produced via an aerosol route

Bertram Schleicher, Unto Tapper, Esko Kauppinen, M. Martin, L. Roschier, M. Paalanen, W. Wernsdorfer, A. Benoit

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    8 Citations (Scopus)


    We report first measurements of the magnetization reversal of monodisperse 30 nm and 50 nm ferromagnetic Fe3O4 particles. These particles are produced in a carrier gas as an aerosol by spray pyrolysis. After production and size selection, they are precipitated on a silicon chip with a niobium SQUID (superconducting quantum interference device) incorporated on its surface. By changing a magnetic field in the plane of the SQUID, we can measure the magnetization reversal of the particles by the flux they induce into the SQUID.
    The angular dependence of this reversal is determined by rotating the magnetic field around the SQUID. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images have confirmed the particle size and revealed the position of the collected particles. If the particle concentration is too high, we cannot detect changes in the magnetic moment of a single particle, but measure the magnetic properties of the whole assembly.
    If only a few particles are found on the SQUID loop the angular dependence of the magnetic reversal of a single particle can be measured; this result is compared with a simple model of magnetization reversal.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)315-320
    JournalApplied Organometallic Chemistry
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 1998
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
    EventNanoporous Materials and Magnetic Properties of Nanostructured Materials: Organized by the ECNM - Frascati, Italy
    Duration: 19 Sept 199720 Sept 1997


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