Management of Cyber Security Threats in the Factories of the Future Supply Chains

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    Today there are numerous Factories of the Future initiatives delivering different Industry 4.0 applications to manufacturing industry supply chains. However, in the future, Factory of the Future is not going to be a simple manufacturing asset, nor a sum of isolated assets. Instead, it will comprise a network of factories, which is considered in a System of Systems approach. The current challenge is to propose novel architectures, technologies and methodologies to optimize the level of efficiency and security of this System of Systems in a context where every step towards digitization exposes the manufacturing process to a widening array of cyber threats. This paper discusses about the management of cyber threats in System of Systems operations and supply chains. The next generation System of Systems are using different technologies with the combination of human aspects from workers, managers, entrepreneurs and decision makers. In addition, economically there are limitations on how much to invest on different technologies and human aspects. In addition, monetary and financial flows are under the burden of cyber risks. This study will therefore embrace the technical, economic and human dimensions at once. This study is based on a European-wide multi-national research project, the aim of which is to define - through different use-cases - the preventive and reactive capabilities to address cyber and physical threats and safety concerns in System of Systems. The study indicates different cyber challenges related to the future manufacturing business and operational models, with a special attention on “as-a-service” business model. The paper also indicates initial managerial and practical views on the management of cyber threats in future business models.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 9th International Conference on Operations and Supply Chain Management, Vietnam, 2019
    Place of PublicationVietnam
    Number of pages9
    ISBN (Electronic)978-602-7060-47-0
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2019
    MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
    Event9th International Conference on Operations and Supply Chain Management, OSCM 2019 - RMIT University, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam
    Duration: 15 Dec 201918 Dec 2019
    Conference number: 9
    http://www.oscm-forum.org/oscm-2019/

    Conference

    Conference9th International Conference on Operations and Supply Chain Management, OSCM 2019
    CountryViet Nam
    CityHo Chi Minh City
    Period15/12/1918/12/19
    Internet address

    Fingerprint

    Supply chain
    Factory
    System of systems
    Threat
    Manufacturing
    Assets
    Business model
    Entrepreneurs
    Financial flows
    Industry
    Methodology
    Manufacturing industries
    Service business
    Decision maker
    Managers
    Burden
    Workers
    Economics
    Multinationals
    Human dimensions

    Keywords

    • cyber threats
    • System of Systems
    • business models
    • Factories of the Future

    Cite this

    Hemilä, J., Mikkola, M., & Salonen, J. (2019). Management of Cyber Security Threats in the Factories of the Future Supply Chains. In Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Operations and Supply Chain Management, Vietnam, 2019 Vietnam.
    Hemilä, Jukka ; Mikkola, Markku ; Salonen, Jarno. / Management of Cyber Security Threats in the Factories of the Future Supply Chains. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Operations and Supply Chain Management, Vietnam, 2019. Vietnam, 2019.
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    title = "Management of Cyber Security Threats in the Factories of the Future Supply Chains",
    abstract = "Today there are numerous Factories of the Future initiatives delivering different Industry 4.0 applications to manufacturing industry supply chains. However, in the future, Factory of the Future is not going to be a simple manufacturing asset, nor a sum of isolated assets. Instead, it will comprise a network of factories, which is considered in a System of Systems approach. The current challenge is to propose novel architectures, technologies and methodologies to optimize the level of efficiency and security of this System of Systems in a context where every step towards digitization exposes the manufacturing process to a widening array of cyber threats. This paper discusses about the management of cyber threats in System of Systems operations and supply chains. The next generation System of Systems are using different technologies with the combination of human aspects from workers, managers, entrepreneurs and decision makers. In addition, economically there are limitations on how much to invest on different technologies and human aspects. In addition, monetary and financial flows are under the burden of cyber risks. This study will therefore embrace the technical, economic and human dimensions at once. This study is based on a European-wide multi-national research project, the aim of which is to define - through different use-cases - the preventive and reactive capabilities to address cyber and physical threats and safety concerns in System of Systems. The study indicates different cyber challenges related to the future manufacturing business and operational models, with a special attention on “as-a-service” business model. The paper also indicates initial managerial and practical views on the management of cyber threats in future business models.",
    keywords = "cyber threats, System of Systems, business models, Factories of the Future",
    author = "Jukka Hemil{\"a} and Markku Mikkola and Jarno Salonen",
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    Hemilä, J, Mikkola, M & Salonen, J 2019, Management of Cyber Security Threats in the Factories of the Future Supply Chains. in Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Operations and Supply Chain Management, Vietnam, 2019. Vietnam, 9th International Conference on Operations and Supply Chain Management, OSCM 2019, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam, 15/12/19.

    Management of Cyber Security Threats in the Factories of the Future Supply Chains. / Hemilä, Jukka; Mikkola, Markku; Salonen, Jarno.

    Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Operations and Supply Chain Management, Vietnam, 2019. Vietnam, 2019.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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    T1 - Management of Cyber Security Threats in the Factories of the Future Supply Chains

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    N2 - Today there are numerous Factories of the Future initiatives delivering different Industry 4.0 applications to manufacturing industry supply chains. However, in the future, Factory of the Future is not going to be a simple manufacturing asset, nor a sum of isolated assets. Instead, it will comprise a network of factories, which is considered in a System of Systems approach. The current challenge is to propose novel architectures, technologies and methodologies to optimize the level of efficiency and security of this System of Systems in a context where every step towards digitization exposes the manufacturing process to a widening array of cyber threats. This paper discusses about the management of cyber threats in System of Systems operations and supply chains. The next generation System of Systems are using different technologies with the combination of human aspects from workers, managers, entrepreneurs and decision makers. In addition, economically there are limitations on how much to invest on different technologies and human aspects. In addition, monetary and financial flows are under the burden of cyber risks. This study will therefore embrace the technical, economic and human dimensions at once. This study is based on a European-wide multi-national research project, the aim of which is to define - through different use-cases - the preventive and reactive capabilities to address cyber and physical threats and safety concerns in System of Systems. The study indicates different cyber challenges related to the future manufacturing business and operational models, with a special attention on “as-a-service” business model. The paper also indicates initial managerial and practical views on the management of cyber threats in future business models.

    AB - Today there are numerous Factories of the Future initiatives delivering different Industry 4.0 applications to manufacturing industry supply chains. However, in the future, Factory of the Future is not going to be a simple manufacturing asset, nor a sum of isolated assets. Instead, it will comprise a network of factories, which is considered in a System of Systems approach. The current challenge is to propose novel architectures, technologies and methodologies to optimize the level of efficiency and security of this System of Systems in a context where every step towards digitization exposes the manufacturing process to a widening array of cyber threats. This paper discusses about the management of cyber threats in System of Systems operations and supply chains. The next generation System of Systems are using different technologies with the combination of human aspects from workers, managers, entrepreneurs and decision makers. In addition, economically there are limitations on how much to invest on different technologies and human aspects. In addition, monetary and financial flows are under the burden of cyber risks. This study will therefore embrace the technical, economic and human dimensions at once. This study is based on a European-wide multi-national research project, the aim of which is to define - through different use-cases - the preventive and reactive capabilities to address cyber and physical threats and safety concerns in System of Systems. The study indicates different cyber challenges related to the future manufacturing business and operational models, with a special attention on “as-a-service” business model. The paper also indicates initial managerial and practical views on the management of cyber threats in future business models.

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    Hemilä J, Mikkola M, Salonen J. Management of Cyber Security Threats in the Factories of the Future Supply Chains. In Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Operations and Supply Chain Management, Vietnam, 2019. Vietnam. 2019